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Pottery versus sediment: Optically stimulated luminescence dating of the Neolithic Vinca culture, Serbia
Royal Holloway Univ London, Quaternary Res Ctr, Dept Geog, Egham TW20 0EX, Surrey, England..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Royal Holloway Univ London, Quaternary Res Ctr, Dept Geog, Egham TW20 0EX, Surrey, England.; Univ Novi Sad, Fac Sci, Lab Paleoenvironmental Reconstruct, Trg D Obradov 2, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6662-6650
Univ Aarhus, Dept Earth Sci, Nord Lab Luminescence Dating, Riso DTU, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark.; Ctr Nucl Technol, Riso DTU, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark..
Univ Novi Sad, Fac Sci, Lab Paleoenvironmental Reconstruct, Trg D Obradov 2, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia..
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2017 (English)In: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, E-ISSN 1873-4553, Vol. 429, p. 45-53Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating was applied to the Neolithic Vinca culture's type-site, Vinca Belo-Brdo, to establish best protocols for routine luminescence dating of similar Holocene sites, critical in understanding Neolithic to Chalcolithic cultural development. Equivalent dose (De) values were investigated for sediment samples using 63-90 mm grains on large and small aliquots, and single-grain laser luminescence (SGLL), and for pottery samples using large aliquots of 4-11 mm grains. The effects of changing water content and the different techniques available to establish radionuclide concentration were explored for their impacts on dose rate (Dr) estimates. Ages for two pottery samples of 6.74 +/- 0.37 ka and 7.04 +/- 0.47 ka are in line with the existing AMS radiocarbon chronology for the site and are regarded as the best dates available. Sediment samples at Vinca show poor signal strength, and the uncertainty over past water content, in addition to the possibility of mixing and/or partial bleaching of the quartz, means that we do not recommend the use of sediment-derived ages at complex archaeological sites such as Vinca. OSL dating of fired pottery however, presents a powerful tool for generating independent chronologies at archaeological sites as well as providing additional constraints for Bayesian age models.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 429, p. 45-53
Keywords [en]
Vinca, OSL, Pottery, Single grain, Neolithic
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317910DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.09.042ISI: 000397931300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-317910DiVA, id: diva2:1083681
Conference
International Conference on Towards the Reconstruction of Paleoenvironment of Vinca- Belo Brdo, Belgrade, SERBIA, JUN, 2013
Available from: 2017-03-22 Created: 2017-03-22 Last updated: 2017-04-26Bibliographically approved

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