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Olfactory Functions in Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorders
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Västerås. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap. Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, Gosta Ekman Lab, Frescati Hagvag 9A, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, Gosta Ekman Lab, Frescati Hagvag 9A, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, Gosta Ekman Lab, Frescati Hagvag 9A, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, Gosta Ekman Lab, Frescati Hagvag 9A, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Perception, ISSN 0301-0066, E-ISSN 1468-4233, Vol. 46, nr 3-4, s. 530-537Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are often characterized by atypical sensory behavior (hyperor hyporeactivity) although evidence is scarce regarding olfactory abilities in ASD; 16 adults with high-functioning ASD (mean age: 38.2, SD: 9.7) and 14 healthy control subjects (mean age: 42.0 years, SD: 12.5) were assessed in odor threshold, free and cued odor identification, and perceived pleasantness, intensity, and edibility of everyday odors. Although results showed no differences between groups, the Bayes Factors (close to 1) suggested that the evidence for no group differences on the threshold and identification tests was inconclusive. In contrast, there was some evidence for no group differences on perceived edibility (BF01 = 2.69) and perceived intensity (BF01 = 2.80). These results do not provide conclusive evidence for or against differences between ASD and healthy controls on olfactory abilities. However, they suggest that there are no apparent group differences in subjective ratings of odors.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD , 2017. Vol. 46, nr 3-4, s. 530-537
Emneord [en]
Autism, olfaction, smell, odor identification, odor threshold, Bayesian
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-320398DOI: 10.1177/0301006616686100ISI: 000397168400021PubMedID: 28056659OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-320398DiVA, id: diva2:1089511
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-04-20 Laget: 2017-04-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-04-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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