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Cellulose nanofibers prepared via pretreatment based on Oxone® oxidation
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5496-9664
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 22, nr 12, artikel-id 2177Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [sv]

Softwood sulfite bleached cellulose pulp was oxidized with Oxone (R) and cellulose nanofibers (CNF) were produced after mechanical treatment with a high-shear homogenizer. UV-vis transmittance of dispersions of oxidized cellulose with different degrees of mechanical treatment was recorded. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of samples prepared from the translucent dispersions showed individualized cellulose nanofibers with a width of about 10 nm and lengths of a few hundred nm. All results demonstrated that more translucent CNF dispersions could be obtained after the pretreatment of cellulose pulp by Oxone (R) oxidation compared with the samples produced without pretreatment. The intrinsic viscosity of the cellulose decreased after oxidation and was further reduced after mechanical treatment. Almost translucent cellulose films were prepared from the dispersions of individualized cellulose nanofibers. The procedure described herein constitutes a green, novel, and efficient route to access CNF.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
MDPI AG , 2017. Vol. 22, nr 12, artikel-id 2177
Nationell ämneskategori
Nanoteknik
Forskningsämne
Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot nanoteknologi och funktionella material
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328387DOI: 10.3390/molecules22122177ISI: 000419242400142OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-328387DiVA, id: diva2:1135401
Tillgänglig från: 2017-08-23 Skapad: 2017-08-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Functionalization, Characterization and Applications of Oxidized Nanocellulose Derivatives
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Functionalization, Characterization and Applications of Oxidized Nanocellulose Derivatives
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Cellulose, a sustainable raw material derived from nature, can be used for various applications following its functionalization and oxidation. Nanocellulose, inheriting the properties of cellulose, can offer new properties due to nanoscale effects, in terms of high specific surface area and porosity. The oxidation of cellulose can provide more active sites on the cellulose chains, improving its functionalization and broadening applications. Two kinds of oxidation and their corresponding applications are described in this thesis: periodate oxidation and Oxone® oxidation.

2,3-dialdehyde cellulose (DAC) beads were prepared from Cladophora nanocellulose via periodate oxidation, and were further modified with amines via reductive amination. Several diamines were selected as possible crosslinkers to produce porous DAC beads, which showed higher porosity, stability in alkaline solution and enhanced thermal stability.

After functionalization of DAC beads with L-cysteine (DAC-LC), thiol, amine and carboxyl groups were introduced into the DAC beads, endowing the DAC-LC beads with high adsorption capacity for palladium. The synthesized DAC-LC beads were character­ized with SEM, FTIR, XPS, TGA, BET and XRD and the palladium adsorption process was investigated.

Chitosan was employed as a crosslinker in functionalization of DAC beads (DAC-CS). The conditions for the synthesis of DAC-CS beads were screened and verifying the stability of the beads in alkaline solution. The DAC-CS beads produced were investigated using SEM, FTIR, XPS, TGA and BET, and the adsorption and desorption capacity of Congo red was studied, indicating DAC-CS beads have potential as sorbent.

Oxone oxidation of cellulose is a novel one-pot oxidation method in which mainly the hydroxyl groups on C6 are oxidized to produce carboxylic acid groups on the cellulose chains. To increase the efficiency of Oxone oxidation, several reaction parameters were studied. Cellulose pulp and Cladophora nanocellulose were chosen as prototypes to investigate the effects of oxidation, and the physico­chemical properties of the oxidized products were characterized. Cellulose pulp, pretreated with Oxone oxidation, was disintegrated by homogenization to prepare cellulose nanofibers (CNF). The effect of pre­treat­ment on the preparation of CNF was studied, and the results indicated that Oxone oxidation was efficient in the production of CNF.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. s. 68
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1548
Nyckelord
Nanocellulose, Periodate oxidation, Oxone oxidation, Adsorption, Palladium, Congo red dye, Cellulose nanofibers
Nationell ämneskategori
Nanoteknik
Forskningsämne
Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot nanoteknologi och funktionella material
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328388 (URN)978-91-513-0048-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2017-10-13, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:30 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-21 Skapad: 2017-08-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17

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Ruan, ChangqingGustafsson, SimonStrømme, MariaMihranyan, AlbertLindh, Jonas

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