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Unavoidable pressure ulcers at the end of life and nurse understanding
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Livsstil och rehabilitering vid långvarig sjukdom. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap.
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: British Journal of Nursing, ISSN 0966-0461, E-ISSN 2052-2819, Vol. 26, nr 20, s. s6-s17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives:

prevention of pressure ulcers (PUs) in end-of-life care is often problematic because both PUs and interventions to prevent them can cause suffering. The primary aim of this study was to identify and describe the different ways in which nurses understood unavoidable PUs in late palliative care. A second aim was to explore the expediency of the different levels of understanding.

Methods:

a qualitative interview study with a phenomenographic approach was carried out. The study participants were nurses and healthcare assistants who worked in nursing homes or in specialist palliative inpatient care units run by private providers, non-profit foundations, municipalities and county councils. A phenomenographic analysis of the interview data was undertaken.

Results:

all participants shared a fundamental understanding that the prevention of PUs is highly worthwhile in end-of-life care. Within this common view, practitioners' understanding of whether PUs could be prevented differed in four main ways, and were divided into categories: A: unavoidable PUs do not exist. All can be prevented if all interventions are applied, and all patients are at the same risk for developing PUs in end-of-life care; B: unavoidable PUs do not exist, but some patients do not participate in prevention interventions, which makes prevention difficult. The risk of developing pressure ulcers in end-of-life care varies between patients; C: some PUs are unavoidable because some patients do not participate in prevention interventions; the risk of developing pressure ulcers in end-of-life care differs between patients. D: some PUs are unavoidable, depending on the pathophysiological processes in the dying body. The risk of developing pressure ulcers in end-of-life care differs between patients.

Conclusion:

it is paramount to communicate to nurses that not all PUs can be prevented in dying patients, to lessen the burden of ethical stress for the nurses.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017. Vol. 26, nr 20, s. s6-s17
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Forskningsämne
Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333536DOI: 10.12968/bjon.2017.26.Sup20.S6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-333536DiVA, id: diva2:1156908
Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-14 Skapad: 2017-11-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-09-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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Carlsson, Maria E.Gunningberg, Lena

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