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The Scarcity of Universal Colour Names
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and MethodsĀ (ICPRAM 2018) / [ed] Maria de Marisco, Gabriella Sannniti di Baja, Ana Fred, SciTePress, 2018, p. 496-502Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There is a trend in Computer Vision to use over twenty colour names for image annotation, retrieval and to train deep learning networks to name unknown colours for human use. This paper will show that there is little consistency of colour naming between languages and even between individuals speaking the same language. Experiments will be cited that show that your mother tongue influences how your brain processes colour. It will also be pointed out that the eleven so called basic colours in English are not universal and cannot be applied to other languages. The conclusion is that only the six Hering primary colours, possibly with simple qualifications, are the only ones you should use if you aim for universal usage of your systems. That is: black, white, red, green, blue, and yellow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SciTePress, 2018. p. 496-502
Keywords [en]
Colour Names, Basic Colour Terms, Colour Perception, Deep learning, Image Retrieval, Image annotation
National Category
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
Research subject
Computerized Image Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339659DOI: 10.5220/0006649004960502ISI: 000447747100058ISBN: 978-989-758-276-9 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-339659DiVA, id: diva2:1176468
Conference
7th International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods (ICPRAM 2018), Madeira, Portugal, Jan 16-18, 2018.
Available from: 2018-01-22 Created: 2018-01-22 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Borgefors, Gunilla

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Output format
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