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Perceived child eating behaviours and maternal migrant background
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
University of Oxford.
Karolinska Institute.
Skåne University Hospital.
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2018 (English)In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 125, p. 302-313Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a well-established instrument in the study of obesity-related eating behaviours among children. However, research using the CEBQ in multicultural samples is limited. This study aims to identify and examine differences in child eating behaviours as reported by Swedish-born and non-Swedish-born mothers living in Sweden. Mothers (n = 1310, 74 countries of origin, mean age 36.5 years, 63.6% with higher education, 29.2% with overweight or obesity) of children aged 3–8 years (mean age 4.8 years, 18.1% with overweight or obesity) completed the CEBQ. Responses were analysed using CEBQ subscales Food Responsiveness, Emotional Overeating, Enjoyment of Food, and Desire to Drink, clustering into Food Approach, and subscales Satiety Responsiveness, Slowness in Eating, Emotional Undereating, and Food Fussiness, clustering into Food Avoidance. Data were compared across seven regional groups, divided by maternal place of birth: (1) Sweden (n = 941), (2) Nordic and Western Europe (n = 68), (3) Eastern and Southern Europe (n = 97), (4) the Middle East and North Africa (n = 110), (5) East, South and Southeast Asia (n = 52), (6) Sub-Saharan Africa (n = 16), and (7) Central and South America (n = 26). Crude, partly and fully adjusted linear regression models controlled for child's age, gender and weight status, and mother's education, weight status and concern about child weight. The moderation effect of maternal concern about child weight was examined through interaction analyses. Results showed that while Food Approach and Food Avoidance behaviours were associated with maternal migrant background, associations for Food Fussiness were limited. Notably, mothers born in the Middle East and North Africa reported higher frequencies of both Food Approach (except for Enjoyment of Food) and Food Avoidance. The study highlights the importance of examining how regionally-specific maternal migrant background affects mothers' perceptions of child eating behaviours.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 125, p. 302-313
Keywords [en]
appetite, children, culture, family, overweight, obesity
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-341465DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.02.010ISI: 000430777900035PubMedID: 29438715OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-341465DiVA, id: diva2:1181591
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-02404Vinnova, 2011-03443Swedish Society of MedicineSven Jerring FoundationMagnus Bergvall FoundationFredrik och Ingrid Thurings StiftelseHelge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Somaraki, MariaPersson Osowski, ChristineNowicka, Paulina

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