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Processes and driving forces in changing cultural landscapes across Europe
Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Res Unit Landscape Dynam, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland..
Univ Hohenheim, Societal Transit & Agr 430b, Inst Social Sci Agr, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. (HERCULES)
Univ Aegean, Dept Geog, Univ Hill 81100, Mytilene, Greece..
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2017 (English)In: Landscape Ecology, ISSN 0921-2973, E-ISSN 1572-9761, Vol. 32, no 11, p. 2097-2112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context

Cultural landscapes evolve over time. However, the rate and direction of change might not be in line with societal needs and more information on the forces driving these changes are therefore needed.

Objectives

Filling the gap between single case studies and meta-analyses, we present a comparative study of landscape changes and their driving forces based in six regions across Europe conducted using a consistent method.

Methods

A LULC analysis based on historical and contemporary maps from the nineteenth and twentieth century was combined with oral history interviews to learn more about perceived landscape changes, and remembered driving forces. Land cover and landscape changes were analysed regarding change, conversions and processes. For all case study areas, narratives on mapped land cover change, perceived landscape changes and driving forces were compiled.

Results

Despite a very high diversity in extent, direction and rates of change, a few dominant processes and widespread factors driving the changes could be identified in the six case study areas, i.e. access and infrastructure, political shifts, labor market, technological innovations, and for the more recent period climate change.

Conclusions

Grasping peoples’ perception supplements the analyses of mapped land use and land cover changes and allows to address perceived landscape changes. The list of driving forces determined to be most relevant shows clear limits in predictability: Whereas changes triggered by infrastructural developments might be comparatively easy to model, political developments cannot be foreseen but might, nevertheless, leave major marks in the landscape.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 32, no 11, p. 2097-2112
Keywords [en]
Land change science, Landscape history, Oral history interviews, Topographic maps, Land cover change, Technology, Subsidies, Infrastructure
National Category
Archaeology History
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-341944DOI: 10.1007/s10980-017-0513-zISI: 000414975000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-341944DiVA, id: diva2:1183303
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 603447Available from: 2018-02-16 Created: 2018-02-16 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved

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von Hackwitz, Kim

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