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Is there a relationship between socio-economic factors and biodiversity in urban ponds?: A study in the city of Stockholm
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development. Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Swedish Biodivers Ctr, Box 7016, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics.
Swedish Museum Nat Hist, Dept Zool, Box 50007, SE-10405 Stockholm, Sweden..
Swedish Species Informat Ctr, Box 7007, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
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2017 (English)In: Urban Ecosystems, ISSN 1083-8155, E-ISSN 1573-1642, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 1209-1220Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban small water bodies, such as ponds, are essential elements of human socio-economic landscapes. Ponds also provide important habitats for species that would otherwise not survive in the urban environment. Knowledge on the biodiversity of urban ponds and the relationship between their ecological value and factors linked to urbanization and socio-economic status is crucial for decisions on where and how to establish and manage ponds in cities to deliver maximum biodiversity benefits. Our study investigates if the pattern of urban-pond biodiversity can be related to different socio-economic factors, such as level of wealth, education or percentage of buildings of different types. Because of lack of previous studies investigating that, our study is of exploratory character and many different variables are used. We found that the biodiversity of aquatic insects was significantly negatively associated with urbanisation variables such as amount of buildings and number of residents living around ponds. This relationship did not differ depending on the spatial scale of our investigation. In contrast, we did not find a significant relationship with variables representing socio-economic status, such as education level and wealth of people. This latter result suggests that the socio-economic status of residents does not lead to any particular effect in terms of the management and function of ponds that would affect biodiversity. However, there is a need for a finer-scale investigation of the different potential mechanism in which residents in areas with differing socio-economic status could indirectly influence ponds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 20, no 6, p. 1209-1220
Keywords [en]
Biodiversity, Socio-economic factors, Urbanization, Urban ponds, Stockholm
National Category
Ecology Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343908DOI: 10.1007/s11252-017-0673-2ISI: 000417619400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-343908DiVA, id: diva2:1187144
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2018-03-08Bibliographically approved

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Blicharska, MalgorzataÖsth, JohnJohansson, Frank

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