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Exacerbations and healthcare resource utilization among COPD patients in a Swedish registry-based nation-wide study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
EPID Res, Metsanneidonkuja 12, FI-02130 Espoo, Finland..
Takeda Pharmaceut, Stockholm, Sweden..
Takeda Pharmaceut, Stockholm, Sweden..
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2018 (English)In: BMC Pulmonary Medicine, ISSN 1471-2466, E-ISSN 1471-2466, Vol. 18, article id 17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are an important measure of disease severity in terms of impaired disease progression, increased recovery time, healthcare resource utilization, overall morbidity and mortality. We aimed to quantify exacerbation and healthcare resource utilization rates among COPD patients in Sweden with respect to baseline treatments, exacerbation history, and comorbidities.

Methods: Patients with a COPD or chronic bronchitis (CB) diagnosis in secondary care at age of >= 40 years on 1.7. 2009 were identified and followed until 1.7.2010 or death. Severe exacerbations were defined as hospitalizations due to respiratory disease, and healthcare resource utilization was measured by all-cause hospitalizations and secondary care visits. Poisson regression was used adjusting for age, gender, time since COPD/CB diagnosis, and Charlson comorbidity index.

Results: In 88,548 patients (54% females, mean age 72 years), previous respiratory hospitalizations and current high use of COPD medication (double or triple therapy) predicted an 8.3-fold increase in severe exacerbation rates and 1. 8-fold increase in healthcare resource utilization rates in the following year, compared to patients without combination treatment and/or history of severe exacerbations.

Conclusions: COPD/CB patients with history of severe exacerbations and high use of COPD medication experienced a significantly increased rate of severe exacerbations and healthcare resource utilization during the one-year follow-up.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD , 2018. Vol. 18, article id 17
Keywords [en]
COPD, Healthcare resource utilization, Exacerbations, Hospitalizations, Burden of disease, Chronic bronchitis, Pharmacoepidemiology
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-346227DOI: 10.1186/s12890-018-0573-0ISI: 000423718000003PubMedID: 29370846OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-346227DiVA, id: diva2:1191422
Available from: 2018-03-19 Created: 2018-03-19 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved

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