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How do people with mood and anxiety disorders perceive and interpret the Drinking Motives Questionnaire?: A think-aloud study in a clinical setting
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Div Psychiat, Uppsala, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9404-5183
Uppsala Univ Hosp, Div Psychiat, Uppsala, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Div Psychiat, Uppsala, Sweden..
2018 (English)In: Addiction science & clinical practice, ISSN 1940-0632, E-ISSN 1940-0640, Vol. 13, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Research has identified drinking motives as the final common pathway to alcohol use, and associations between specific drinking motives and drinking patterns have consistently been demonstrated. Data on drinking motives can be used for research, in the planning of prevention strategies and for treatment purposes. The Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) has become the most used measure of drinking motives. So far, the questionnaire has not been investigated with qualitative methods. The aim of this study was to investigate acceptability, accuracy and usability of the DMQ-R among persons receiving outpatient psychiatric care by studying how responders perceive and interpret the questionnaire.

Method: A cognitive interviewing technique, the think-aloud method, was used to collect data from 16 non-alcohol dependent patients seeking outpatient psychiatric care (12 women, 4 men). To analyse data, Qualitative Content Analysis was applied in which themes were formed from data only and not from predetermined areas of interest.

Results: Overall, acceptability of the DMQ-R was high although answers were sometimes given with low accuracy. Responders pointed out that they perceived the questionnaire as non-confrontational and exhaustive. Further, the DMQ-R seemed to launch processes of self-reflection.

Conclusions: Taken together, the results suggest a support for the use of DMQ-R also in the group of psychiatric outpatients. Still, when interpreting the DMQ-R, a certain insecurity of the exactness of answers should be considered. The graphic design should be particularly clear in this group of patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD , 2018. Vol. 13, article id 7
Keywords [en]
Questionnaires, Drinking motives, DMQ-R, Think-aloud method, Psychiatric care
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351435DOI: 10.1186/s13722-018-0109-1ISI: 000427779900001PubMedID: 29534735OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-351435DiVA, id: diva2:1212102
Available from: 2018-06-01 Created: 2018-06-01 Last updated: 2018-06-01Bibliographically approved

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Nehlin, ChristinaÖster, Caisa

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