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A longitudinal study of the individual- and group-level problematic gaming and associations with problem gambling among Swedish adolescents
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.ORCID iD: ID0000-0001-7787-2956
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3589-6113
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8853-2508
2018 (English)In: Brain and Behavior, ISSN 2162-3279, E-ISSN 2162-3279, Vol. 8, no 4, article id e00949Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim:  The aims of the present study were to investigate the long-term stability of problematic gaming among adolescents and whether problematic gaming at wave 1 (W1) was associated with problem gambling at wave 2 (W2), three years later.

Methods:  Data from the SALVe cohort, including adolescents in Västmanland born in 1997 and 1999, were accessed and analyzed in two waves W2, N = 1576; 914 (58%) girls). At W1 the adolescents were 13 and 15 years old, and at W2 they were 16 and 18 years old. Adolescents self-rated on the Gaming Addiction Identification Test (GAIT), Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), and gambling frequencies. Stability of gaming was determined using Gamma correlation, Spearman’s rho, and McNemar. Logistic regression analysis and General linear model (GLM) analysis were performed and adjusted for sex, age, and ethnicity, frequency of gambling activities and gaming time at W1, with PGSI as the dependent variable, and GAIT as the independent variable, to investigate associations between problematic gaming and problem gambling.

Results:  Problematic gaming was relative stable over time, g = 0.739, P £ 0.001, r = 0.555, P £ 0.001, and McNemar P £ 0.001. Furthermore, problematic gaming at W1 increased the probability of having problem gambling three years later, logistic regression OR = 1.886 (95% CI 1.125-3.161), P = 0.016, GLM F = 10.588, h2 = 0.007, P = 0.001.  

Conclusions: Problematic gaming seems to be relatively stable over time. Although associations between problematic gaming and later problem gambling were found, the low explained variance indicate that problematic gaming in an unlikely predictor for problem gambling within this sample.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 8, no 4, article id e00949
Keywords [en]
Adolescence, behavioral addiction, comorbidity, gaming problems, gambling problems
National Category
Substance Abuse Psychology
Research subject
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-352513DOI: 10.1002/brb3.949ISI: 000429700300014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-352513DiVA, id: diva2:1213761
Projects
SALVe Cohort
Funder
Fredrik och Ingrid Thurings StiftelseForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00897Åke Wiberg Foundation, M15-0239Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved

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Vadlin, SofiaÅslund, CeciliaNillson, Kent W.

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