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Prospective questionnaire study showed that higher self-efficacy predicted longer exclusive breastfeeding by the mothers of late preterm infants
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Obstetrics and Reproductive Health Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5104-1281
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Perinatal, Neonatal and Pediatric Cardiology Research.
2018 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 107, no 5, p. 799-805Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: An important variable that influences breastfeeding outcomes is how confident a woman feels about her ability to breastfeed successfully at an early stage. We investigated breastfeeding self‐efficacy in the mothers of late preterm infants.

Methods: This was a prospective, comparative study that focused on mothers who had delivered babies at 34 + 0 to 36 + 6 weeks and were recruited in 2012–2015 from a neonatal intensive care unit and a postnatal ward at a Swedish university hospital. The Breastfeeding Self‐Efficacy Scale‐Short Form (BSES‐SF) was used to psychometrically assess the mothers at 40 weeks of postmenstrual age (n = 148) and at three months of corrected age (n = 114).

Results: The BSES‐SF scores were higher in the 87% of mothers that exclusively breastfed when their babies reached 40 weeks (57.1 out of 70) than those who did not (41.4, p < 0.001), indicating better self‐efficacy. The figures remained higher in the 68% of exclusive breastfeeding mothers at three months of corrected age (60.9 versus 51.7).

Conclusion: Self‐efficacy was an important predictor of the length of breastfeeding in mothers of late preterm infants, and the BSES‐SF can be used to detect low self‐efficacy that could lead to early breastfeeding cessation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 107, no 5, p. 799-805
Keywords [en]
Breastfeeding, Infant, Late preterm, Mother, Self-efficacy
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353364DOI: 10.1111/apa.14229ISI: 000430115100013PubMedID: 29352489OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353364DiVA, id: diva2:1220662
Available from: 2018-06-19 Created: 2018-06-19 Last updated: 2018-06-19Bibliographically approved

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Gerhardsson, EmmaHildingsson, IngegerdMattsson, ElisabetFunkquist, Eva-Lotta

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