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Give us this day our daily bread: The moral order of Pentecostal peasants in South Brazil
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This ethnography aims to identify the role of the Pentecostal beliefs that peasants in South Brazil use in justifying their life situations. Anthropological data were collected in the Sertão region of Jaguariaíva, in the Brazilian State of Paraná. An interpretative approach was used with concepts including the moral order of peasantness, moral economy, and multiple livelihood strategies. The core results indicated that Pentecostals in the countryside are not monolithic in terms of religion and have varying degrees of engagement with a variety of churches as well as their relations with the wider capitalism. Their economic and life-changing decisions are articulated by a moral order of peasantness expressed by dependence on Providence and the interpretation of events as a revelation of Divine will. The moral order is significant for maintaining viable peasant communities, orienting their relations to land, kinship, work, and consumption in a way that sets them apart from the “world.” Such findings question the Weberian explanations for the role of Pentecostalism in Latin American capitalism and confirm the repeasantization theory concerning the persistence of a distinctive peasant way of life.

Abstract [pt]

Esta etnografia visa identificar o papel das crenças pentecostais com as quais os camponeses do sul do Brasil se expressam para justificar sua subsistência. O trabalho de campo antropológico no Sertão de Jaguariaíva, Paraná, serviu para a coleta de dados. Em uma abordagem interpretativa, a análise emprega conceitos de ordem moral da campesinidade, economia moral e múltiplas estratégias de subsistência. Os principais resultados são: o pentecostalismo rural não é monolítico e conta com diferentes graus de envolvimento com uma variedade de igrejas e com o capitalismo em geral. Não obstante, suas decisões econômicas, ou de grande impacto na vida, são articuladas por uma ordem moral campesina expressa pela espera na providência e pela interpretação de eventos como uma revelação da vontade divina. A ordem moral tem relevância para a manutenção de comunidades camponesas viáveis, orientando suas relações com a terra, o parentesco, o trabalho e o consumo, de modo a distingui-las do “mundo”. Tais resultados juntam-se ao debate das explicações weberianas sobre o papel do pentecostalismo no capitalismo latino-americano e confirmam a teoria do retorno do camponês como categoria e sua persistência como um distinto modo de vida.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 101
Series
Masteruppsatser i kulturantropologi, ISSN 1653-2244 ; 83
Keywords [en]
peasantry, Peasant Pentecostalism, peasantness, moral order, moral economy, multiple livelihood strategies, economic anthropology, anthropology of religion, Brazil
Keywords [pt]
campesinato, pentecostalismo camponês, campesinidade, ordem moral, economia moral, múltiplas estratégias de subsistência, antropologia econômica, antropologia da religião, Brasil
National Category
Social Anthropology Other Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354613OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-354613DiVA, id: diva2:1222013
Subject / course
Cultural Anthropology
Educational program
Master Programme in the Humanities - Cultural Anthropology
Presentation
2018-06-11, 3-2028, Engelska parken, Uppsala, 20:03 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-10-31 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-10-31Bibliographically approved

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ALVES.Give us this day our daily bread(959 kB)554 downloads
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