uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The Structure of the Virtues: A Study of Thomas Aquinas’s and Godfrey of Fontaines's Accounts of Moral Goodness
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy. (History of Philosophy)
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Description
Abstract [en]

This dissertation is a study of Thomas Aquinas’s (1225–1274) and Godfrey of Fontaines’s (d. 1306) moral philosophies. In this study, I conduct a detailed analysis of two Aristotelian commitments concerning the character virtues, namely, The Plurality of the Character Virtues and The Connection of the Character Virtues. Both Aquinas and Godfrey think that there are many distinct character virtues (such as moderation and justice), however, one cannot (perfectly) possess these character virtues in separation from each other.

In Chapter I, it is established that Aquinas believes in the plurality of the character virtues not because of a specific account of the human soul, but because he is committed to a plurality in what he calls “the notion of goodness.” In Chapter II, it is argued that Aquinas’s account of virtuous action requires that there be a likeness between a person and their actions in terms of the notion of goodness explored in Chapter I. Chapters III through V lay out my account of how to reconstruct both Aquinas’s and Godfrey’s arguments for The Connection of the Character Virtues. The focus here lies on finding an interpretation that provides a valid argument for the connection of the character virtues. I argue that we ought to focus on a dependence between prudence and the character virtues. A central problem for this analysis is how to account for prudence as a unified virtue. On this issue, Godfrey provides an explicit argument that conceives of prudence as unified because prudence strikes a balance between the character virtues. Chapter VI investigates whether different groups, such as men and women, possess different types of character virtues. Godfrey offers a novel argument for the impossibility of male- and female-specific virtues. Finally, Chapter VII explores the question of how we should understand Godfrey’s account of prudence itself. I show that his discussion emphasizes the variable nature of ethics and that he endorses a view that has certain affinities with ethical particularism (in the contemporary sense).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Philosophy, Uppsala University , 2018. , p. 173
Keywords [en]
Thomas Aquinas; Godfrey of Fontaines; virtue; character virtue; prudence; moral goodness; medieval philosophy; medieval ethics; connection of the virtues; unity; dependence; gender; particularism; Summa Theologiae; Aristotle
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Philosophy, with specialization in history of philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354865ISBN: 978-91-506-2713-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-354865DiVA, id: diva2:1223077
Public defence
2018-09-10, Sal VIII, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, 753 10, Uppsala, 14:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-08-17 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2018-08-17

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1103 kB)114 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1103 kBChecksum SHA-512
57ca1da23d98351468a43187c39469c791a53752918ca9acf0bd6e1f742f6463766d92b712c2953451e7d1054ab5f23db4ecb455eda24df95dc2f41e0e4880b1
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Stöpfgeshoff, Alexander

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stöpfgeshoff, Alexander
By organisation
Department of Philosophy
Philosophy

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 114 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1030 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf