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Protection Through Presence: UN Peacekeeping and the Costs of Targeting Civilians
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5251-7309
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6410-1551
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0205-2843
2019 (English)In: International Organization, ISSN 0020-8183, E-ISSN 1531-5088, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 103-131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Are UN peacekeepers effective in protecting civilians from violence? Existing studies examine this issue at the country level, thereby making it difficult to isolate the effect of peacekeepers and to assess the actual mechanism at work. We provide the first comprehensive evaluation of UN peacekeeping success in protecting civilians at the subnational level. We argue that peacekeepers through their sizable local presence can increase the political and military costs for warring actors to engage in civilian targeting. Since peacekeepers' access to civilian populations rests on government consent, peacekeepers will primarily be effective in imposing these costs on rebel groups, but less so for government actors. To test these conjectures we combine new monthly data on the location of peacekeepers with data on the location and timing of civilian killings in Africa. Our findings suggest that local peacekeeping presence enhances the effectiveness of civilian protection against rebel abuse, but that UN peacekeeping struggles to protect civilians from government forces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 73, no 1, p. 103-131
National Category
Political Science Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354931DOI: 10.1017/S0020818318000346ISI: 000455664400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-354931DiVA, id: diva2:1223157
Part of project
Protection of Civilians: UN Peacekeeping Strategies and Their Effectiveness, Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Funder
The Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities (KVHAA)Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P12-0787:1EU, European Research Council, ERC ADG 694640
Note

Author names are listed alphabetically and equal authorship applies.

Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2020-08-14Bibliographically approved

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Fjelde, HanneHultman, LisaNilsson, Desirée

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