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Submembrane ATP and Ca2+ kinetics in α‑cells: unexpected signaling for glucagon secretion
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
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2015 (English)In: The FASEB Journal, ISSN 0892-6638, E-ISSN 1530-6860, Vol. 29, no 8, p. 3379-3388Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cytoplasmic ATP and Ca(2+) are implicated in current models of glucose's control of glucagon and insulin secretion from pancreatic α- and β-cells, respectively, but little is known about ATP and its relation to Ca(2+) in α-cells. We therefore expressed the fluorescent ATP biosensor Perceval in mouse pancreatic islets and loaded them with a Ca(2+) indicator. With total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy, we recorded subplasma membrane concentrations of Ca(2+) and ATP ([Ca(2+)]pm; [ATP]pm) in superficial α- and β-cells of intact islets and related signaling to glucagon and insulin secretion by immunoassay. Consistent with ATP's controlling glucagon and insulin secretion during hypo- and hyperglycemia, respectively, the dose-response relationship for glucose-induced [ATP]pm generation was left shifted in α-cells compared to β-cells. Both cell types showed [Ca(2+)]pm and [ATP]pm oscillations in opposite phase, probably reflecting energy-consuming Ca(2+) transport. Although pulsatile insulin and glucagon release are in opposite phase, [Ca(2+)]pm synchronized in the same phase between α- and β-cells. This paradox can be explained by the overriding of Ca(2+) stimulation by paracrine inhibition, because somatostatin receptor blockade potently stimulated glucagon release with little effect on Ca(2+). The data indicate that an α-cell-intrinsic mechanism controls glucagon in hypoglycemia and that paracrine factors shape pulsatile secretion in hyperglycemia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 29, no 8, p. 3379-3388
Keywords [en]
oscillations, islet of Langerhans, signal transduction, paracrine
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356527DOI: 10.1096/fj.14-265918PubMedID: 25911612OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-356527DiVA, id: diva2:1236050
Available from: 2018-07-30 Created: 2018-07-30 Last updated: 2018-10-10Bibliographically approved

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Li, JiaYu, QianAhooghalandari, ParvinTengholm, AndersGylfe, Erik

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