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Does a prostate cancer diagnosis affect management of pre-existing diabetes? Results from PCBaSe Sweden: a nationwide cohort study
Kings Coll London, Sch Canc & Pharmaceut Sci, Translat Oncol & Urol Res TOUR, London, England.
Kings Coll London, Sch Canc & Pharmaceut Sci, Translat Oncol & Urol Res TOUR, London, England.
Guys & St Thomas NHS Fdn Trust & Kings Coll Londo, Comprehens Biomed Res Ctr, London, England.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Urologkirurgi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8306-0687
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2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 8, nr 3, artikkel-id e020787Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives Both prostate cancer (PCa) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are increasingly prevalent conditions, which frequently coexist in men. Here, we set out to specifically examine the impact of a PCa diagnosis and its treatment on T2DM treatment. Setting This study uses observational data from Prostate Cancer database Sweden Traject. Participants The study was undertaken in a cohort of 16778 men with T2DM, of whom 962 were diagnosed with PCa during mean follow-up of 2.5 years. Primary and secondary outcome measures We investigated the association between PCa diagnosis and escalation in T2DM treatment in this cohort. A treatment escalation was defined as a new or change in anti-T2DM prescription, as recorded in the prescribed drug register (ie, change from diet to meforrnin or sulphonylurea or insulin). We also investigated how PCa diagnosis was associated with two treatment escalations. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression with age as a time scale was used while adjusting for educational level and initial T2DM treatment. Results We found no association between PCa diagnosis and risk of a single treatment escalation (HR 0.99, 95% Cl 0.87 to 1.13). However, PCa diagnosis was associated with an increased risk of receiving two consecutive T2DM treatment escalations (HR 1.75, 95% CI 1.38 to 2.22). This increase was strongest for men on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists (HR 3.08, 95% Cl 2.14 to 4.40). The corresponding HR for men with PCa not on hormonal treatment was 1.40 (95% CI 1.03 to 1.92) and for men with PCa on antiandrogens 0.91 (95% Cl 0.29 to 2.82). Conclusions Men with T2DM who are diagnosed with PCa, particularly those treated with GnRH agonists, were more likely to have two consecutive escalations in T2DM treatment. This suggests a need for closer monitoring of men with both PCa and T2DM, as coexistence of PCa and its subsequent treatments could potentially worsen T2DM control.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP , 2018. Vol. 8, nr 3, artikkel-id e020787
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-358574DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020787ISI: 000433881200242PubMedID: 29549214OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-358574DiVA, id: diva2:1248952
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 825-2012-5047Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareTilgjengelig fra: 2018-09-17 Laget: 2018-09-17 Sist oppdatert: 2018-09-17bibliografisk kontrollert

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