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The réseau opératoire of Urbanization: Craft Collaborations and Organization in an Early Medieval Workshop in Ribe, Denmark
Aarhus University, School of Culture and Society. (UrbNet: Centre for Urban Network Evolutions)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. (UrbNet: Centre for Urban Network Evolutions [research partner])ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0252-6375
Aarhus University, School of Culture and Society. (UrbNet: Centre for Urban Network Evolutions)
2019 (English)In: Cambridge Archaeological Journal, ISSN 0959-7743, E-ISSN 1474-0540, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 345-364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper proposes that the organization of crafts may be a key catalyst in the emergence of urban communities. This is argued through a reassessment of finds from a non-ferrous metal workshop from the eighth century excavated in Ribe, Denmark. We analyse 3D laser scans in order to classify previously unidentified mould fragments, which show that the workshop produced a range of metal parts for composite products like wooden chests, belts and horse harnesses. Such production required an operational network, or réseau opératoire, to combine the necessary skills and expertise of several artisanal specializations. The need for collaboration between specialized craftspeople would have been a decisive incentive for the formation of permanent communities of an urban character. These observations point to a neglected bottom-up driver for the development of early urbanization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 29, no 2, p. 345-364
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-360969DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000525ISI: 000463186200008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-360969DiVA, id: diva2:1249662
Funder
Danish National Research Foundation, 119Helge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse Available from: 2018-09-20 Created: 2018-09-20 Last updated: 2019-04-26Bibliographically approved

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Neiß (Neiss), Michael

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