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High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses
Univ Tartu, Nat Hist Museum, 14a Ravila, EE-50411 Tartu, Estonia;Univ Tartu, Inst Ecol & Earth Sci, 14a Ravila, EE-50411 Tartu, Estonia;Estonian Young Acad Sci, 6 Kohtu, Tallinn, Estonia.
Univ Toronto, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, 25 Willcocks St, Toronto, ON M5S 3B2, Canada.
Univ Tartu, Inst Ecol & Earth Sci, 14a Ravila, EE-50411 Tartu, Estonia.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Systematic Biology. Estonian Young Acad Sci, 6 Kohtu, Tallinn, Estonia.
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2018 (English)In: Fungal diversity, ISSN 1560-2745, E-ISSN 1878-9129, Vol. 90, no 1, p. 135-159Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High-throughput sequencing studies generate vast amounts of taxonomic data. Evolutionary ecological hypotheses of the recovered taxa and Species Hypotheses are difficult to test due to problems with alignments and the lack of a phylogenetic backbone. We propose an updated phylum-and class-level fungal classification accounting for monophyly and divergence time so that the main taxonomic ranks are more informative. Based on phylogenies and divergence time estimates, we adopt phylum rank to Aphelidiomycota, Basidiobolomycota, Calcarisporiellomycota, Glomeromycota, Entomophthoromycota, Entorrhizomycota, Kickxellomycota, Monoblepharomycota, Mortierellomycota and Olpidiomycota. We accept nine subkingdoms to accommodate these 18 phyla. We consider the kingdom Nucleariae (phyla Nuclearida and Fonticulida) as a sister group to the Fungi. We also introduce a perl script and a newick-formatted classification backbone for assigning Species Hypotheses into a hierarchical taxonomic framework, using this or any other classification system. We provide an example of testing evolutionary ecological hypotheses based on a global soil fungal data set.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2018. Vol. 90, no 1, p. 135-159
Keywords [en]
51 new taxa, Species Hypothesis, Taxonomy of fungi, Phylogenetic classification, Subkingdom, Phylum, Nucleariae, Ascomycota, Aphelidiomycota, Basidiobolomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota, Calcarisporiellomycota, Chytridiomycota, Entomophthoromycota, Entorrhizomycota, Glomeromycota, Kickxellomycota, Monoblepharomycota, Mortierellomycota, Mucoromycota, Neocallimastigomycota, Olpidiomycota, Rozellomycota, Zoopagomycota
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Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-358556DOI: 10.1007/s13225-018-0401-0ISI: 000434755000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-358556DiVA, id: diva2:1250074
Available from: 2018-09-21 Created: 2018-09-21 Last updated: 2018-09-21Bibliographically approved

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Bahram, MohammadRyberg, Martin

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