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Gaia Data Release 2 Summary of the contents and survey properties
Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
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2018 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 616, article id A1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context. We present the second Gaia data release, Gaia DR2, consisting of astrometry, photometry, radial velocities, and information on astrophysical parameters and variability, for sources brighter than magnitude 21. In addition epoch astrometry and photometry are provided for a modest sample of minor planets in the solar system. Aims. A summary of the contents of Gaia DR2 is presented, accompanied by a discussion on the differences with respect to Gaia DR1 and an overview of the main limitations which are still present in the survey. Recommendations are made on the responsible use of Gaia DR2 results. Methods. The raw data collected with the Gaia instruments during the first 22 months of the mission have been processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC) and turned into this second data release, which represents a major advance with respect to Gaia DR1 in terms of completeness, performance, and richness of the data products. Results. Gaia DR2 contains celestial positions and the apparent brightness in G for approximately 1.7 billion sources. For 1.3 billion of those sources, parallaxes and proper motions are in addition available. The sample of sources for which variability information is provided is expanded to 0 : 5 million stars. This data release contains four new elements: broad-band colour information in the form of the apparent brightness in the G(BP) (330-680 nm) and G(RP) (630-1050 nm) bands is available for 1.4 billion sources; median radial velocities for some 7 million sources are presented; for between 77 and 161 million sources estimates are provided of the stellar effective temperature, extinction, reddening, and radius and luminosity; and for a pre-selected list of 14 000 minor planets in the solar system epoch astrometry and photometry are presented. Finally, Gaia DR2 also represents a new materialisation of the celestial reference frame in the optical, the Gaia-CRF2, which is the first optical reference frame based solely on extragalactic sources. There are notable changes in the photometric system and the catalogue source list with respect to Gaia DR1, and we stress the need to consider the two data releases as independent. Conclusions. Gaia DR2 represents a major achievement for the Gaia mission, delivering on the long standing promise to provide parallaxes and proper motions for over 1 billion stars, and representing a first step in the availability of complementary radial velocity and source astrophysical information for a sample of stars in the Gaia survey which covers a very substantial fraction of the volume of our galaxy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 616, article id A1
Keywords [en]
catalogs, astrometry, techniques: radial velocities, stars: fundamental parameters, stars: variables: general, minor planets, asteroids: general
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-363113DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201833051ISI: 000441203000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-363113DiVA, id: diva2:1255510
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 320360EU, European Research Council, 647208Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2018-10-12Bibliographically approved

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Korn, AndreasBarklem, PaulEdvardsson, BengtEriksson, KjellGavel, AlvinHeiter, Ulrike

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