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Preoperative fasting guidelines in pediatric anesthesia: are we ready for a change?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
Univ Childrens Hosp Zürich, Dept Anesthesiol, Zürich, Switzerland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
2018 (English)In: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, ISSN 0952-7907, E-ISSN 1473-6500, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 342-348Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose of review: Study after study shows that prolonged fasting before anesthesia is common in children. Pediatric anesthesiologists around the world are concerned that the current guidelines may be part of the problem. This review focuses on what can be done about it.

Recent findings: We discuss new insights into the physiology of gastric emptying of different categories of food and drink. The evidence for negative effects of prolonged fasting occurring in spite of implementation of the current guidelines is examined. We also critically appraise the concept of a strict association between fasting time and the risk of aspiration and discuss recent studies in which children have been allowed clear fluids less than 2 h before anesthesia induction.

Summary: Accumulating evidence indicates that changes of the current guidelines for preoperative fasting should be considered for children undergoing elective procedures.

Video abstract: http://links.lww.com/COAN/A50

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 31, no 3, p. 342-348
Keywords [en]
aspiration pneumonia, children, fasting hypoglycemia, gastric emptying, perioperative period
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362650DOI: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000582ISI: 000434300800017PubMedID: 29443724OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-362650DiVA, id: diva2:1256125
Available from: 2018-10-16 Created: 2018-10-16 Last updated: 2018-10-16Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, HannaFrykholm, Peter

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