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Hygro-mechanical analysis of wood subjected to constant mechanical load and varying relative humidity
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics. Univ Boras, Fac Text Engn & Business, SE-50190 Boras, Sweden.
Univ Boras, Fac Text Engn & Business, SE-50190 Boras, Sweden.
Univ Ljubljana, Fac Civil & Geodet Engn, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
2018 (English)In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, E-ISSN 1437-434X, Vol. 72, no 10, p. 863-870Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A hygro-mechanical (H-M) analysis of a wooden specimen sustaining a mechanical load while subjected to varying relative humidity was performed to predict the long-term rheological behavior of wood. The numerical analysis was based on the experimental results of total strains, monitored in two orthotropic material directions on oak wood specimens under constant uniaxial compression and with moisture content (MC) variation. For the moisture analysis, a multi-Fickian moisture transport model (MFMTM) was used to obtain temporal and spatial MC fields, which were the input data in the mechanical analysis. The presented mechanical model assumed a decomposition of the total strains into the elastic, viscoelastic and mechanosorptive strains and the strains due to shrinkage and swelling. The moisture and mechanical analyses required material parameters, which were taken from the literature or were empirically obtained by a fitting procedure. The performed H-M analysis gave accurate numerical predictions of the experimentally obtained total strains in two orthotropic directions simultaneously. Thus, the analysis developed has a high potential for predicting the long-term rheological behavior of timber structures, assuming that the material parameters are determined previously, based on specific, extensive, multidimensional experimental analyses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WALTER DE GRUYTER GMBH , 2018. Vol. 72, no 10, p. 863-870
Keywords [en]
compression perpendicular to grain, mechanical model, mechanosorption, multi-Fickian moisture transport model, varying climate conditions, viscoelasticity, wood
National Category
Wood Science Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-363210DOI: 10.1515/hf-2018-0035ISI: 000445777000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-363210DiVA, id: diva2:1256617
Available from: 2018-10-17 Created: 2018-10-17 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Moisture-Induced Strains and Stresses in Wood
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moisture-Induced Strains and Stresses in Wood
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

To design safe, reliable and durable timber structures subjected to varying natural outdoor or indoor climates, understanding the long-term behavior of wood when mechanically loaded or restrained to deform is crucial. The present thesis focuses on the numerical modeling of the long-term mechanical behavior of wood. The numerical analysis is divided in the moisture transport and the mechanical analyses. In the moisture analysis, the multi-Fickian moisture transport model is used to determine spatial and temporal moisture content fields over the analyzed domain due to changing relative humidity (RH) of the ambient air. The obtained moisture contents are taken into the mechanical analysis where a new mechanical model is applied for predicting rheological response of wood in three orthotropic directions simultaneously. Experimental results of different authors are used to support numerous numerical analyses performed for various wood species, deformation and loading modes in constant or changing RH conditions. The performed analyses show that the new mechanical model adequately predicts the viscoelastic behavior of hardwood and softwood species in two orthotropic directions simultaneously under a sustained load or deformation. A significant influence of grain orientation in relation to the applied mechanical load on the viscoelastic creep behavior of wood is observed. The mechanical model is also able to predict accurately the rheological behavior of hardwood subjected to a sustained compressive mechanical load and changing moisture content. Applying the moisture and the mechanical models to the glued-laminated timber specimens during wetting and drying shows good agreement with the experimental results. The magnitudes of moisture-induced stresses perpendicular to the grain indicate a possibility of crack initiation during drying. The influence of characteristic material parameters required in the models on the mechanical state of the analyzed specimens is also determined. A quantification of the viscoelastic and the mechanosorptive material parameters required in the mechanical model is the additional outcome of the performed numerical analyses. The mechanical model presented in this thesis in combination with the multi-Fickian moisture transport model enables a full two- or three-dimensional long-term mechanical analysis of timber members exposed to natural climate with RH variations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. p. 51
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1772
Keywords
mechanosorption, multi-Fickian moisture transport model, orthotropy, rheology, three-dimensional mechanical model, viscoelasticity, wood
National Category
Applied Mechanics
Research subject
Engineering science with specialization in Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-375148 (URN)978-91-513-0569-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-03-22, Häggsalen Å10132, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-02-27 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-03-18

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Huc, Sabina

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