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Housing tenure and residential mobility in Stockholm 1990-2014
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5846-5076
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Description
Abstract [en]

In this thesis the links between housing tenure, income and selective, segregation generating, residential mobility are explored. The development of these links is analysed against the background of housing regime changes in Stockholm between 1990 and 2014. Housing policy changes in Sweden, and Stockholm, promote ownership through, for instance, housing tenure conversions and the tax-system. What this development means for residential mobility trends and may mean for ethnic and economic segregation is explored in three articles. Paper 1 contrasts two time periods and provides an analysis of residential mobility and economic sorting. It is shown that the socioeconomic composition of movers is relatively stable over time while the increasingly owner dominated housing market in Stockholm contributes to stronger socio-spatial residential patterns through the strengthened economic sorting of movers across the whole income scale. Paper 2 has a focus on ethnic and socioeconomic differences in out-mobility from poor neighbourhoods. The findings indicate that foreign background residents are dependent upon housing wealth and income to be able to leave poor neighbourhoods when they move, while the Swedish background group has a variety of resources at their disposal when they move. Paper 3 analyses how housing tenure affects moving, and movers' destinations, in neighbourhoods with high concentrations of non-western foreign-born residents in Stockholm. By comparing two cohorts (1993-2000 and 2001-2008) it is analysed how this relationship develops over time. Housing tenure and income do not seem to be pivotal for who moves, but increasingly important for where movers end up. Results display ethnic differences and how the changing housing market in Stockholm reproduces ethnic segregation. Two main conclusions from the thesis are that (i) the changing housing regime in Stockholm produces stronger economic sorting of movers – this has been affected by the geographically, socioeconomically and ethnically uneven gains from the housing market transformations experienced over the last three decades. (ii) The residential mobility patterns and the economic stratification of residential mobility opportunities that the reconfiguration of Stockholm’s housing market gives rise to increases the economic, political and social marginalization of neighbourhoods characterized by low income levels and high shares of foreign-born residents. Combating ethnic segregation is today even more closely related to the socioeconomic differences between the foreign-born and native-born parts of the population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Social and Economic Geography , 2018. , p. 129
Series
Geographica, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 19
Keywords [en]
Residential mobility, Housing tenure, Stockholm
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364426ISBN: 978-91-506-2732-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-364426DiVA, id: diva2:1259019
Public defence
2018-12-14, Sal IV, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-11-23 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2018-11-23
List of papers
1. Residential mobility and spatial sorting in Stockholm 1990-2014: The changing importance of housing tenure and income
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Residential mobility and spatial sorting in Stockholm 1990-2014: The changing importance of housing tenure and income
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper an analysis of residential mobility and sorting by income in Stockholm is carried out. The study contrasts two periods: one (1990-2001) characterised by recovery after the economic crisis in 1991-1992 and one (2002-2014) characterised by large changes to the housing stock composition. With the use of a longitudinal full population data set, it is shown that the socioeconomic composition of movers is relatively stable over time, while the economic sorting of movers increases. People with low income are increasingly likely to move into low-income neighbourhoods, whether they move into the rental or owner segments of the housing market. Those who own their housing unit and mid- to high-income earners increasingly avoid moving to low-income neighbourhoods. The paper concludes that the increasingly owner-dominated housing market in Stockholm contributes to stronger socio-spatial residential patterns through the economic sorting of movers across the whole income scale. 

Keywords
Residential mobility, housing tenure, spatial sorting, Stockholm
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-363443 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-10-26
2. Leaving poor neighbourhoods: the role of income and housing tenure
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leaving poor neighbourhoods: the role of income and housing tenure
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

To date, few studies have adopted a particular focus on the role of housing tenure when analysing ethnic and socioeconomic differences in out-mobility from poor neighbourhoods. This study contributes to filling this gap. The paper uses a full population data set covering every individual residing in the capital region of Sweden during the period 2006-2008. The findings indicate that those with foreign background are dependent on housing wealth and higher income to be able to leave poor neighbourhoods when moving, while native Swedes seem to be less constrained by income. The results warrant efforts to broaden mix policy beyond the discussion on housing tenure if policy-makers want to counteract the ethnic and socioeconomic imbalances of residential mobility upholding segregation.

Keywords
selective mobility, poor neighbourhoods, segregation, housing tenure, Stockholm
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364228 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-10-26
3. Out-mobility from Stockholm’s foreign-born concentration neighbourhoods – a study of two cohorts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Out-mobility from Stockholm’s foreign-born concentration neighbourhoods – a study of two cohorts
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this study the central theme is how housing tenure affects moving from neighbourhoods with high concentrations of non-western foreign-born residents in Stockholm and, by comparing two cohorts (1993-2000 and 2001-2008), how this relationship between housing tenure, ethnic background and residential mobility develops over time. Attention is also given to the sorting of movers. The findings disclose that housing tenure’s effect on moving marginally varies between neighbourhood types, and earlier existing differences between housing tenures are reduced over time. Out-mobility destination data suggest that owning is important, and increasingly important, for moving towards areas with fewer non-western foreign-born residents. The findings show that housing tenure mix as a policy tool to counteract high mobility frequencies in distressed neighbourhoods is losing strength. Results indicate how the increasingly owner-dominated housing market in Stockholm reproduces ethnic segregation through stronger residential sorting by income and housing tenure. 

National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364255 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-10-26

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