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Drug addiction: from neuroscience to ethics
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Science and Society Unit, Biogem, Biology and Molecular Genetics Institute, Ariano Irpino, Italy. (Bioethics)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3298-7829
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, ISSN 1664-0640, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 9, article id 595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present paper we suggest a potential new ethical analysis of addiction focusing on the relationship between aware and unaware processings in the brain, i.e. on what is consciously and what is non-consciously perceived by the individual. We take the case of the opioids epidemics to argue that a consideration of both aware and unaware processings provides a more comprehensive ethical framework to discuss the ethical issues raised by addiction.Finally, our hypothesis is that in addition to identified Central Nervous System’s neuronal/neurochemical factors contributing to addictive dynamics, the socio-economic status, i.e. the individual background, plays a causal role through epigenetic processes, originating the need for additional reward in the brain. This provides a strong base for a socio-political form of responsibility for preventing and managing addiction crisis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 9, article id 595
Keywords [en]
Addiction, Ethics of addiction, Unaware processing, Opioids Epidemics, Drugs addiction
National Category
Psychiatry Ethics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364429DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00595ISI: 000450456300001PubMedID: 30524319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-364429DiVA, id: diva2:1259042
Projects
Human Brain Project
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 785907Available from: 2018-10-26 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2019-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textPubMedhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00595/abstract

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Farisco, MicheleEvers, Kathinka

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