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High levels of unmet need for family planning in Nepal.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH), International Child Health and Nutrition.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8050-621x
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH), International Child Health and Nutrition.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0541-4486
2018 (English)In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 17, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Providing access to family planning services is a basic component and a cost-effective intervention to reduce maternal mortality worldwide. It is closely linked to women's decision-making power and female emancipation. Unmet need for family planning is thus an indicator going beyond maternal health with far reaching societal implications. This study examines the level of unmet need for family planning in Nepal and its distribution along structural determinants.

METHODS: Data from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014 was utilized for analysis. Prevalence of unmet need for family planning was calculated and logistic regression models used to ascertain inequity.

RESULTS: A total unmet need for family planning of 40.9% among the 10,688 included women was observed. No major differences between socioeconomic groups could be detected, except for a somewhat higher rate of unmet need among the least educated. Total fertility rate among the women included was 2.59. Contraceptive use among adolescents was alarmingly low, with almost none reporting using any type of contraception.

CONCLUSION: The lack of major inequity implies that the high level of unmet need for contraception is a general problem in society and must be addressed broadly. A special focus on education and provision for adolescents is needed in Nepal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 17, p. 1-6
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364640DOI: 10.1016/j.srhc.2018.04.012ISI: 000445980700002PubMedID: 30193712OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-364640DiVA, id: diva2:1259662
Available from: 2018-10-30 Created: 2018-10-30 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved

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Målqvist, MatsHultstrand, Jenny NiemeyerLarsson, MargaretaKC, Ashish

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