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Barriers and facilitators to participation in a health check for cardiometabolic diseases in primary care: A systematic review
Univ Med Ctr, Julius Ctr Hlth Sci & Primary Care, Huispost STR 6-131,POB 85500, NL-3508 GA Utrecht, Netherlands..
Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Solna, Sweden..
Karolinska Univ Hosp, Funct Area Emergency Med, Solna, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Internal Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
NIVEL Netherlands Inst Hlth Serv Res, Utrecht, Netherlands..
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2018 (English)In: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, ISSN 2047-4873, E-ISSN 2047-4881, Vol. 25, no 12, p. 1326-1340Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Health checks for cardiometabolic diseases could play a role in the identification of persons at high risk for disease. To improve the uptake of these health checks in primary care, we need to know what barriers and facilitators determine participation.

Methods: We used an iterative search strategy consisting of three steps: (a) identification of key-articles; (b) systematic literature search in PubMed, Medline and Embase based on keywords; (c) screening of titles and abstracts and subsequently full-text screening. We summarised the results into four categories: characteristics, attitudes, practical reasons and healthcare provider-related factors.

Results: Thirty-nine studies were included. Attitudes such as wanting to know of cardiometabolic disease risk, feeling responsible for, and concerns about one's own health were facilitators for participation. Younger age, smoking, low education and attitudes such as not wanting to be, or being, worried about the outcome, low perceived severity or susceptibility, and negative attitude towards health checks or prevention in general were barriers. Furthermore, practical issues such as information and the ease of access to appointments could influence participation.

Conclusion: Barriers and facilitators to participation in health checks for cardiometabolic diseases were heterogeneous. Hence, it is not possible to develop a one size fits all' approach to maximise the uptake. For optimal implementation we suggest a multifactorial approach adapted to the national context with special attention to people who might be more difficult to reach. Increasing the uptake of health checks could contribute to identifying the people at risk to be able to start preventive interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD , 2018. Vol. 25, no 12, p. 1326-1340
Keywords [en]
Health check, cardiometabolic disease, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, prevention, primary care, general practitioner, attendance, participation
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-365169DOI: 10.1177/2047487318780751ISI: 000441767300017PubMedID: 29916723OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-365169DiVA, id: diva2:1262183
Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2018-11-09Bibliographically approved

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Carlsson, Axel C

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