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Iron Production in North Pare, Tanzania: Archaeometallurgical and Geoarchaeological Perspectives on Landscape Change
Univ Sheffield, Dept Archaeol, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England.
Univ York, Dept Archaeol, York, N Yorkshire, England.
Bundesanstalt Geowissensch & Rohstoffe, Hannover, Germany.
Univ York, Dept Archaeol, York, N Yorkshire, England.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: African Archaeological Review, ISSN 0263-0338, E-ISSN 1572-9842, Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 507-530Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Archaeology, archaeometallurgy and geoarchaeology are combined in this research to examine the chronology and development of iron metallurgy and its environmental repercussions in North Pare, Tanzania. Pare was a prominent centre for iron production from at least the second half of the first millennium AD, and it has been assumed that this technologywith its demand for wood charcoalhad a significant and detrimental effect on local forest cover. This research sought to examine this claim by exploring the spatial, chronological and technological characteristics of iron production in Pare in conjunction with geoarchaeological evidence. Contrary to older assumptions, our results demonstrate that erosion processes were well established in North Pare before the documented intensification of smelting and smithing activity, and that iron production continued despite environmental changes. We suggest that although iron production may well have contributed to deforestation and erosion in Pare, it is unlikely to be the sole causal factor.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
SPRINGER , 2018. Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 507-530
Emneord [en]
Tanzania, East Africa, Iron Age, Metallurgy, Iron smelting, Historical ecology
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-373013DOI: 10.1007/s10437-018-9312-4ISI: 000453223800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-373013DiVA, id: diva2:1277568
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, FP7-IOF-2012-331419Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-10 Laget: 2019-01-10 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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