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Conservation through Biocultural Heritage-Examples from Sub-Saharan Africa
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9248-5516
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1416-436X
Univ Cape Town, Plant Conservat Unit, Bot Dept, Private Bag X3, ZA-7701 Rondebosch, South Africa.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology. Univ Cambridge, Dept Archaeol, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, England;Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog Archaeol & Environm Studies, ZA-2000 Johannesburg, South Africa.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9936-1310
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2019 (English)In: Land, ISSN 2073-445X, E-ISSN 2073-445X, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 5Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we review the potential of biocultural heritage in biodiversity protection and agricultural innovation in sub-Saharan Africa. We begin by defining the concept of biocultural heritage into four interlinked elements that are revealed through integrated landscape analysis. This concerns the transdisciplinary methods whereby biocultural heritage must be explored, and here we emphasise that reconstructing landscape histories and documenting local heritage values needs to be an integral part of the process. Ecosystem memories relate to the structuring of landscape heterogeneity through such activities as agroforestry and fire management. The positive linkages between living practices, biodiversity and soil nutrients examined here are demonstrative of the concept of ecosystem memories. Landscape memories refer to built or enhanced landscapes linked to specific land-use systems and property rights. Place memories signify practices of protection or use related to a specific place. Customary protection of burial sites and/or abandoned settlements, for example, is a common occurrence across Africa with beneficial outcomes for biodiversity and forest protection. Finally, we discuss stewardship and change. Building on local traditions, inclusivity and equity are essential to promoting the continuation and innovation of practices crucial for local sustainability and biodiversity protection, and also offer new avenues for collaboration in landscape management and conservation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2019. Vol. 8, no 1, article id 5
Keywords [en]
biocultural heritage, sub-Saharan Africa, traditional ecological knowledge, hotspots, sacred forests, conservation
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-377802DOI: 10.3390/land8010005ISI: 000458029900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-377802DiVA, id: diva2:1292113
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council FormasEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 606879Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation AgencyAvailable from: 2019-02-27 Created: 2019-02-27 Last updated: 2019-02-27Bibliographically approved

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Ekblom, AnneliShoemaker, AnnaLane, PaulLindholm, Karl-Johan

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