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The increased trend of non-drinking alcohol among adolescents: what role do internet activities have?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland. Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, Dept Anal & Method, Klara Norra Kyrkogata 34, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Solna, Sweden.
Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, Dept Anal & Method, Klara Norra Kyrkogata 34, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Solna, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3589-6113
Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, Dept Anal & Method, Klara Norra Kyrkogata 34, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Solna, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 27-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Recently, an increased trend toward non-drinking among adolescents has been observed in several countries. The aim of the present study is to evaluate a common suggestion in literature, that adolescents do not drink alcohol because they spend more time on the internet, monitored at home, by examining associations between internet activities (social media/chatting and computer gaming) and non-drinking.

Methods: A health questionnaire was distributed to all 9th graders (1516 years) in a mid-sized Swedish county in 2008, 2010 and 2012. In total, 7089 students returned the questionnaire.

Results: In contrast to the suggestion, no association was found between total time spent on computers and non-drinking. Social media/chatting was robustly associated with a decreased probability of non-drinking across the three survey years. On the other hand, computer gaming during weekends only (OR = 1.74, CI = 1.132.69) or both on weekdays and weekends increased the probability of non-drinking (OR = 1.82, CI = 1.312.54) in 2012 only. However, neither social media/chatting nor computer gaming was associated with the increased trend of non-drinking from 2008 to 2012.

Conclusions: Internet activities were in general not associated with non-drinking among adolescents aged 1516 years in Sweden. Although, a weak positive association between computer gaming and non-drinking was found in 2012, this effect benefited the vast majority of the boys. The larger alcohol use among those with extensive social media use/chatting may indicate that these online platforms are arenas where adolescents are exposed for positive alcohol preferences and alcohol advertising without parental supervision.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 29, no 1, p. 27-32
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-381843DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/cky168ISI: 000462576700007PubMedID: 30169631OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-381843DiVA, id: diva2:1304879
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00857Available from: 2019-04-15 Created: 2019-04-15 Last updated: 2019-04-15Bibliographically approved

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Larm, PeterÅslund, CeciliaNilsson, Kent W.

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