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Being questioned as parents: An interview studywith Swedish commissioning parents usingtransnational surrogacy
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0811-9922
Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Social Medicine and Global Health, Lund University.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård och migration.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2900-2849
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Reproductive Biomedicine and Society Online, E-ISSN 2405-6618, Vol. 8, s. 23-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This study sought to explore how Swedish parents who had commissioned surrogacy abroad experienced the process ofparenthood recognition. The study consisted of in-depth interviews with five couples and 10 individuals representing 10 additionalcouples who had used surrogacy abroad, mainly in India. The construction of motherhood and fatherhood in the Swedish systemcontradicts how parenthood is defined in the surrogacy process. This study found that the formal recognition of parenthood involved acomplex and frustrating process where the presumption of fatherhood and step-child adoption as grounds for parenthood makepeople feel questioned as parents, negatively affecting parental welfare. Policy makers need to take into account the consequencesof an unregulated situation regarding surrogacy, and focus more on the child–parent relationship when regulating surrogacy.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. Vol. 8, s. 23-31
Emneord [en]
assisted reproduction, commissioning parents, transnational surrogacy, parenthood, Sweden, India
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Obstetrik och gynekologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-382882DOI: org/10.1016/j.rbms.2018.08.001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-382882DiVA, id: diva2:1313648
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-05-05 Laget: 2019-05-05 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-19
Inngår i avhandling
1. Challenges of transnational parenthood: Exploring different perspectives of surrogacy in Sweden and India
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Challenges of transnational parenthood: Exploring different perspectives of surrogacy in Sweden and India
2019 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Transnational surrogacy challenges traditional norms of parenthood, especially motherhood; additionally, it is viewed as the exploitation of poor women. The overall aim of this thesis was to shed light on the consequences of an unregulated situation on surrogacy in the Swedish and Indian contexts, and to give different perspectives on surrogacy and the surrogate. The experiences of using transnational surrogacy and the consequences of using this reproductive method in a context of a largely unregulated situation had rarely been explored at the start of the study. Between 2012 and 2015, qualitative interviews were conducted with commissioning parents in Sweden who used transnational surrogacy mainly in India, as well as with social workers in Sweden, who have handled cases regarding the legal recognition of parenthood. To capture a non-western perspective on surrogacy, the views of women and men in different social strata in Assam, India were explored through individual interviews and focus group discussions. At the start of the project, India was the most common country to turn to for surrogacy. The results reveal that both commissioning parents and social workers needed to navigate inadequate parental legislation, with the result that commissioning parents felt questioned as parents. Social workers tried to balance the protection of the surrogate’s rights with the child’s best interest. The ethical aspects made the users of surrogacy ambivalent, and, for social workers, it resulted in further reluctance to handle legal parenthood cases. However, from an Assamese point of view, no ethical considerations were expressed; instead, the surrogate would either be stigmatized for her act and seen as though she was “selling her child,” or seen as a woman doing a noble act, helping a childless couple. All the informants demonstrated a pragmatic view of legal parenthood, but the current legal situation in Sweden limits the scope to act as parents in relation to society, because of the length of time it takes to be recognized as legal parents. This comes with a risk for children. From the perspective of reproductive justice, a clearer regulation on surrogacy, and kinship rules that are more adjusted to the current family practice, are needed. Additionally, to limit the risks for all parties involved in the surrogacy process, a more transparent surrogacy process is needed.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. s. 118
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1580
Emneord
Transnational surrogacy, Surrogacy, Assisted reproduction, Commissioning parents, Legal parenthood, Social workers, Exploitation, Surrogate, Motherhood, Kinship, Social constructionism, Reproductive Justice, Sweden, India, Assam
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Medicinsk vetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-385699 (URN)978-91-513-0690-2 (ISBN)
Disputas
2019-09-27, Rudbecksalen, Rudbecklaboratoriet, Dag Hammarskjölds väg 20, Uppsala, 13:00 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-09-06 Laget: 2019-06-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-17

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Arvidsson, AnnaEssén, Birgitta

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