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Correlations Between Branch Vessel Catheterization and Procedural Complexity in Fenestrated and Branched Endovascular Aneurysm Repair
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery. Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Cardiothorac & Vasc Surg, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery.
2019 (English)In: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, ISSN 1538-5744, E-ISSN 1938-9116, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 277-283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The use of fenestrated and branched endovascular technologies in complex aortic aneurysm repair (F/BEVAR) is increasing, with a trend toward using longer sealing zones and incorporating more target vessels. Successful aneurysm exclusion and prevention of long-term treatment failure need to be balanced against the increased complexity of more extensive procedures. The aim of this study was to analyze relationships between the number of catheterized vessels and multiple operative variables as a means for evaluating procedural complexity.

Methods: Operative data from consecutive F/BEVAR procedures performed at a single center from 2012 to 2015 were analyzed. An equal number of EVAR procedures, randomly selected, from this period were also analyzed. Only intact aneurysms were included. Complex aneurysms were grouped based on the required number of target vessel catheterization. Ten procedural variables, categorized as perioperative, postoperative, and radiologic-related, were compared. Pearson correlation analysis and regression analysis were performed. The correlation coefficients, r, were classified using Cohen boundaries, r >= 0.5 indicating a strong relationship.

Results: There were 63 EVAR, 40 FEVAR, and 22 BEVAR procedures. There was no significant difference in patient comorbidities between conventional EVAR and complex procedure groups. The complex procedures included 23 two-vessel, 20 three-vessel, and 19 four-vessel catheterizations. Strong linear relationships between the number of branch vessel catheterizations and the following variables were identified: accumulated skin dose (r = .504), contrast volume (r = .652), fluoroscopy duration (r = .598), number of angiography series (r = .650), anesthesiology duration (r = .742), procedure duration (r = .554), and total length of stay (r = .533).

Conclusion: The complexity of FEVAR and BEVAR procedures reveals strong correlations between multiple peri- and postoperative variables. These exposures and risks should be borne in mind when considering treatment of complex abdominal aortic aneurysms as well as long-term clinical outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC , 2019. Vol. 53, no 4, p. 277-283
Keywords [en]
endovascular aneurysm repair, FEVAR, BEVAR, catheterization, radiation exposure, abdominal aortic aneurysm
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-382819DOI: 10.1177/1538574418823594ISI: 000464423700001PubMedID: 30614400OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-382819DiVA, id: diva2:1313722
Available from: 2019-05-06 Created: 2019-05-06 Last updated: 2019-10-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On Surgical Treatment of Aortic Pathology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Surgical Treatment of Aortic Pathology
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The use of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms has advanced from a premature characterization as a “failed experiment” in early 2000 to the predominant modern method of treatment. Technology has accommodated initial shortcomings, but it has also led to expansions in the treatment of ruptured aneurysms and complex aortic pathologies. The overall aim of this thesis is to characterize the contemporary utilization of endovascular repair in the international setting and to evaluate its expanding use in complex aortic disease treatment.

Paper I is an analysis of outcomes after intact aneurysm treatment from registries of 12 countries. From 2005 to 2013, and with 83,253 patients included, it was shown that the use of EVAR has increased while, the perioperative mortality has decreased. This was counterbalanced by a worsening mortality for those patients treated with open aortic repair.

Paper II is an analysis of ruptured aneurysms from the above-mentioned international registries. EVAR is also increasing for these patients, although open repair is still the predominant treatment strategy in most centres. Perioperative mortality was superior for EVAR patients, despite increased age and comorbidities. An association between patient-volume and perioperative mortality could be shown for open repair, but the same could not be demonstrated for EVAR.

Paper III is an evaluation of the adaptation of a total endovascular approach for the treatment of complex abdominal aortic aneurysms from a single centre. The technical success and midterm mortality, as well as post-operative complications, including spinal ischemia, were similar to those reported from large and multi-centre analyses. Previous studies reveal disparate results for centres performing open complex aortic repair. The results here suggest that a total endovascular approach is feasible for dedicated centres contemplating this strategy.  

Paper IV is an analysis of multiple pre-, peri-, and post-operative variables documented from complex aneurysm procedures. A relationship between increased complexity and variables such as anaesthesia duration, bleeding, hospital stay, and radiation exposure was found. As patients and their comorbidities increase, a decision to embark on a complex procedure should be made with due diligence to these relationships.

Paper V is a technical analysis of patients following acute treatment for Type A aortic dissections. Many patients are unfit for open aortic arch repair. Based on current availability of endovascular aortic stentgrafts, it was shown that the majority of patients can be treated endovascularly, while anticipated device improvements should further increase the proportion of eligibility. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. p. 61
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1613
Keywords
Abdominal aortic aneurysm, EVAR, F/BEVAR, aorta dissection.
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395964 (URN)978-91-513-0806-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-12-18, Rosénsalen, entrance 95/96, NBV, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-11-26 Created: 2019-10-28 Last updated: 2019-11-26

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Budtz-Lilly, JacobWanhainen, AndersMani, Kevin

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