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Metabolic Risk Factors Associated with Visceral and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue in a Sex-Specific Manner in Seven-Year-Olds
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
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2019 (English)In: Obesity, ISSN 1930-7381, E-ISSN 1930-739X, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 982-988Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate how visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volumes were associated with metabolic risk factors in 7-year-old children.

METHODS: A total of 81 children (52% girls) from a Swedish birth cohort were studied. At 6 years of age, anthropometric data, fasting insulin, glucose, cholesterol, and blood pressure were collected on 53 children with normal weight and 28 children with overweight or obesity, and insulin resistance was estimated. At 7 years of age, magnetic resonance imaging quantified VAT and SAT. Sex and regression analyses were conducted.

RESULTS: SAT was more strongly associated with metabolic risk factors than VAT. The associations between VAT and metabolic risk factors were stronger in girls (P < 0.05). When VAT was adjusted for birth weight and maternal BMI and education, it accounted for 51% of insulin variance (β = 11.72; P = 0.001) but only in girls. The key finding of this study was that adjusted SAT accounted for 63% of the fasting insulin variance in girls (β = 2.76; P < 0.001). Waist circumference was the best anthropometric marker for insulin resistance.

CONCLUSIONS: Insulin resistance was associated with abdominal adipose tissue and its associated metabolic risk factors in children as young as 7 years old.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 27, no 6, p. 982-988
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes Nutrition and Dietetics Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-382942DOI: 10.1002/oby.22453ISI: 000468798100018PubMedID: 31004397OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-382942DiVA, id: diva2:1314043
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-01040Swedish Research Council, 2013-2003Swedish Nutrition Foundation (SNF)
Note

De 2 sista författarna delar sistaförfattarskapet.

Available from: 2019-05-07 Created: 2019-05-07 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, JonathanKullberg, Joel

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