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Ancestral admixture is the main determinant of global biodiversity in fission yeast
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0612-9230
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2019 (English)In: Molecular Biology and EvolutionArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract. Mutation and recombination are key evolutionary processes governing phenotypic variation and reproductive isolation. We here demonstrate that biodive

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390729DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msz126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390729DiVA, id: diva2:1342622
Available from: 2019-08-14 Created: 2019-08-14 Last updated: 2019-09-03
In thesis
1. Adaptive divergence in fission yeast: From experimental evolution to evolutionary genomics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adaptive divergence in fission yeast: From experimental evolution to evolutionary genomics
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

How adaptation and population differentiation occur is fundamental to understand the origin of biodiversity. Work in speciation alongside the increased ease of generating genomic data have allowed the exploration of genomic changes relevant to adaptation. However, it remains challenging to infer the underlying mechanisms from genomic patterns of divergence governed by both genomic properties and external selective pressures. The chronological order of genomic changes, evolutionary history and selective forces can rarely be inferred from natural populations.

Currently, I see two promising ways to tackle the problem of the genomic underpinnings of divergence: (1) evolution experiments simulating adaptation and population divergence and measuring genomic changes as they occur through time; (2) empirical studies of closely related populations in which the extent of divergence varies, allowing us to infer the chronology of the genomic changes. In my Ph.D. research I applied these two approaches, using the fungus Schizosaccharomyces pombe. First, I experimentally tested the potential for ecological divergence with gene flow, and investigated genomic and phenotypic changes associated with this process. Next, I studied genomic data obtained from natural populations sampled worldwide.  In both cases, the genetic inference relied on different sequencing technologies including the Illumina, Pacific Biosciences and Oxford Nanopore platforms.

The experiment explored the effect of gene flow on phenotype and fitness, and uncovered potential molecular mechanisms underlying adaptive divergence. In paper I we demonstrate the emergence of specialisation under low gene flow, but generalist strategies when gene flow was high. Evolved phenotypes were largely influenced by standing genetic variation subject to opposite antagonistic pleiotropy complemented by new mutations enriched in a subset of genes. In paper II, we show that the experimental selective regime also had an effect on mating strategies, result of temporal ecological heterogeneity and selection for mating efficiency. We found that the evolution of mating strategies was explained by a trade-off between mating efficiency and asexual growth rate dependent on environmental stability. Papers III and IV consider the role of gene flow in natural populations. In paper III, we provide evidence that gene flow also played a predominant role in adaptive divergence in nature. All strains resulted from recent hybridization between two ancestral groups manifested in large phenotypic variation and reproductive isolation.This demographic history of hybridization was confirmed in paper IV focusing on patterns of mitochondrial diversity, adding evidence for the geographic distribution of the ancestral populations and potential for horizontal gene transfer from a distant yeast clade. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. p. 68
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1851
Keywords
adaptation, divergence, selection, experimental evolution, genomics, genome evolution, population genetics, fission yeast, phenotypic variation
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Genetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-392422 (URN)978-91-513-0743-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-10-25, Lindahlsalen, Evolutionsbiologiskt centrum, Norbyvägen 18A , Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2019-10-02 Created: 2019-09-03 Last updated: 2019-10-15

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Publisher's full texthttps://academic.oup.com/mbe/advance-article/doi/10.1093/molbev/msz126/5492083Electronic full text

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Tusso, Sergio

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