uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Self-censorship of regime support in authoritarian states: Evidence from list experiments in China
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
Univ Gothenburg, Dept Polit Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Res Rhetorica, ISSN 1652-8581, E-ISSN 2053-1680, Vol. 6, no 3, article id UNSP 2053168019856449Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study of popular support for authoritarian regimes has long relied on the assumption that respondents provide truthful answers to surveys. However, when measuring regime support in closed political systems there is a distinct risk that individuals are less than forthright due to fear that their opinions may be made known to the public or the authorities. In order to test this assumption, we conducted a novel web-based survey in China in which we included four list experiments of commonly used items in the comparative literature on regime support. We find systematic bias for all four measures; substantially more individuals state that they support the regime with direct questioning than when presented with our indirect list experiments. The level of self-censorship, which ranges from 24.5 to 26.5 percentage points, is considerably higher than previously thought. Self-censorship is further most prevalent among the wealthy, urban, female and younger respondents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 6, no 3, article id UNSP 2053168019856449
Keywords [en]
Political support, self-censorship, list experiment, response bias, China
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390974DOI: 10.1177/2053168019856449ISI: 000475431200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390974DiVA, id: diva2:1343477
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 439-2014-38Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Don't be late for school again: Essays on education and support for democracy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Don't be late for school again: Essays on education and support for democracy
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

An extensive body of work has found that countries with relatively educated populations are more likely to be democratically governed. Further, a large body of work argues that education is associated with a host of individual-level factors, such as political participation and democratic values, which provides a micro-level mechanism to explain the link between education and democracy. The  central claim is that education universally engenders democratic values, which in turn, drives individuals to make claim for democratic governance.  I build on this prior research in three respects. First, in Paper 1, using a sample of identical twins I show that the impact of education on political knowledge is highly confounded by family background.  Education has a positive impact on knowledge for those individuals that were not exposed to political discussion in the home during upbringing.  But for those that discussed politics with family, education has no impact on political knowledge.  Second, I challenge the claim that education has a universally positive effect by examining the role of political context.  In Papers 2 and 3 I leverage education reforms as quasi-experiments to study how the effect of education on political attitudes varies in authoritarian and democratic countries.  In Paper 2 we find that education at the primary and secondary level has no impact on support for democracy in principle, but that education in an authoritarian context leads to less satisfaction with democracy after a country transitions, whereas education in a democratic context leads to greater satisfaction with democracy.  In Paper 3 I find that higher education in an authoritarian context weakens support for authoritarian rule, but that this effect is mitigated by a strong economy. Finally, in Paper 4 we focus on the validity of survey measures of regime support in authoritarian states.  Through a series of list experiments implemented in a novel web-based survey in China we find that respondents self-censor their true level of regime support to a large degree.  Further, the level of self-censorship varies greatly by income, age, residence status, and education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. p. 48
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 169
Keywords
Education, support for democracy, political knowledge, authoritarianism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-391262 (URN)978-91-513-0729-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-10-11, Ostromsalen, Department of Government, Östra Ågatan 19, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-10-15

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(466 kB)67 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 466 kBChecksum SHA-512
3cc1959765cc57e79a5c8c6beeab5ce65fcb72150a44dd096be58e50d95d75f231b7597756d499b30d4ad65aeeb37e80cb0dbe6f9984290cabcd9b0f535f9f29
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Robinson, Darrel

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Robinson, Darrel
By organisation
Department of Government
In the same journal
Res Rhetorica
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 67 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 62 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf