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Increased prevalence of exercise-induced airway symptoms: A five-year follow-up from adolescence to young adulthood
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk fysiologi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Åsenlöf: Fysioterapi.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Öron-, näs- och halssjukdomar.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk fysiologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4098-7765
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Respiratory Medicine, ISSN 0954-6111, E-ISSN 1532-3064, Vol. 154, s. 76-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Exercise-induced airway symptoms are common in adolescents. Little is known about the development of symptoms from adolescence to early adulthood. Therefore, we studied the prevalence, incidence, and remission of exercise-induced airway symptoms (including wheeze, cough, chest and throat tightness, hoarseness, and stridor) in adolescents, over a five-year period.

Methods: In 2011, all adolescents aged 12-13 years in Uppsala (n=3 838) were invited to answer a questionnaire on exercise-induced airway symptoms. All responding adolescents (n=2 309) were invited to answer the same questionnaire again after five years. In total, 1 002 adolescents responded (43.4%).

Results: The prevalence of exercise-induced airway symptoms increased from 25% at baseline to 49% at follow-up (p<0.001). More females than males reported symptoms at both time points. The incidence of airway symptoms was 42.2%, with no sex differences. More males than females reported symptom remission (20.2 vs. 10.7%, p<0.001). Females reported a higher asthma prevalence at follow-up than at baseline (7.6 vs. 15.2%), while males did not (10.9 vs. 8.0%), leading to a sex difference in prevalence at follow-up (p<0.001). Smoking and baseline respiratory symptoms were associated with an increased risk of reporting symptoms at follow-up.

Conclusions: A twofold increase in the prevalence of exercise-induced airway symptoms over a five-year period was found in this cohort. Females were more likely to report symptoms at both time points. Knowledge of these age-related changes in symptoms and their association to female gender is useful for future studies and healthcare providers.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. Vol. 154, s. 76-81
Emneord [en]
Adolescence, Exercise: airway symptoms, Prevalence, Gender
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390991DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2019.06.011ISI: 000474821800012PubMedID: 31226623OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390991DiVA, id: diva2:1343843
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-08-19 Laget: 2019-08-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-19bibliografisk kontrollert

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