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“With admirable precision they exercise Swedish gymnastics ...": Nation-building and production of innocence in early Brazilian state indigenism
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Centrum för mångvetenskaplig forskning om rasism (CFR).
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Educação em Revista, ISSN 0102-4698, E-ISSN 1982-6621, Vol. 35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

An early 20th century photograph in the collections of Museo do índio in Rio de Janeiro shows Paresí children in Mato Grosso exercising “Swedish gymnastics”. The program for physical education codified by Swedish educator Pehr Henrik Ling was practiced in the schools of several SPI indigenous stations in the period, as part of the state indigenist project of “nationalizing” the indigenous populations. With the photo as a starting-point, this article explores the relation between a positivist nation-building project in Brazilian indigenism, and Ling gymnastics as a project directed towards the population and the nation. Applying Mary Louise Pratt’s concepts of colonial contact zone and strategies of “anti-conquest”, as well as Antonio Carlos de Souza Lima’s analysis of state indigenism as a continuation of the war of conquest with other means, I argue that Ling gymnastics resonated particularly well with positivist indigenism. Perceived of as a method of physical education not tainted by chauvinistic militarism, it could find its place in a colonial nation-building project resting on denial of its own inherent violence.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Belo Horizonte: Faculdade de Educação da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , 2019. Vol. 35
Emneord [en]
Indigenism, Brazilian colonialism, Swedish gymnastics, Physical education
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Idé- och lärdomshistoria
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393569DOI: 10.1590/0102-4698218062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393569DiVA, id: diva2:1354192
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-09-24 Laget: 2019-09-24 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-24

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