uu.seUppsala University Publications
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Tariffs, Trade, and Economic Growth in Sweden 1858–1913
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates the effects of Swedish tariff policy on trade and economic growth during Sweden’s industrial breakthrough in the second half of the nineteenth century. As the Swedish economy developed, its tariff policy also changed from relatively liberal to more protectionist. The move towards protectionism also coincided with accelerating growth rates. This correlation was not a uniquely Swedish phenomenon as a number of researchers investigating European countries in the late nineteenth century have found. This has sparked debate about what effects the tariff policies had on the development of the European economies.

Using the Swedish tariff legislation and official statistics from the period, this thesis quantifies the Swedish tariff policy between 1858 and 1913, thus giving a detailed description of the changes to the Swedish tariff structure for the first time. It also investigates the effect of the tariffs on trade, using an import-demand model. In addition to this, it also examines the relationship between import penetration and tariff protection for agriculture and industries in Sweden. Finally, by using effective rates of protection and estimates of labor productivity, the impact of the Swedish tariff policy on structural change and economic growth is analyzed. Contrary to the UK, which kept a low-tariff policy during the period, Sweden adopted a protectionist policy more akin to the German Empire.

This study shows that the move towards protectionism in the late 1880s triggered general import substitution. The import structure shifted towards imports of low tariff or duty free commodities, mainly in the form of raw materials and inputs. While the tariff protection was uncorrelated with productivity growth within industries, the tariff structure mainly favored industries with higher levels of labor productivity, inducing factor movements towards more productive sectors. However, this effect on aggregate productivity was positive, but most likely small. This thesis thus highlights the importance of economic structure and variance in labor productivity between sectors for understanding the correlation between tariff protection and growth during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. , p. 207
Series
Uppsala Studies in Economic History, ISSN 0346-6493 ; 119
Keywords [en]
foreign trade, international trade, tariffs, effective rate of protection, trade policy, protectionism, taxes, Sweden, economic growth, structural change, industrialization
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393366ISBN: 978-91-513-0763-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393366DiVA, id: diva2:1355448
Public defence
2019-11-15, Hörsal 2, Ekonomikum, Kyrkogårdsgatan 10, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-10-24 Created: 2019-09-28 Last updated: 2019-11-12

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(4280 kB)76 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 4280 kBChecksum SHA-512
9560585cece40108f3549e0b3263143f36792fb4bc95f894adc986da73cc31f6bfe88c14b1036da5ab996f24a142db0880aed251882ed77942ab038a65509680
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
Buy this publication >>

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Persarvet, Viktor
By organisation
Department of Economic History
Economic History

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 76 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 168 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf