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Time management skills in relation to general self-efficacy and parental sense of competence in individuals with and without cognitive disabilities
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2364-379X
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Disability and Habilitation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Center for Clinical Research Dalarna.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4948-5331
Suny Downstate Med Ctr, Brooklyn, NY USA.
Örebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Univ Hlth Care Res Ctr, Örebro, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: COGENT PSYCHOLOGY, ISSN 2331-1908, Vol. 6, no 1, article id 1655981Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate to what extent time management skills are associated with general self-efficacy and parental sense of competence, and if there are any differences between individuals with and without cognitive disabilities in these aspects.

Material and Methods: The study had a comparative cross-sectional design. Totally 86 individuals with cognitive disabilities (of whom 31 were parents), and 154 without disabilities (of whom 68 were parents) were included (N = 240). The Swedish versions of the Assessment of Time Management Skills (including time management, organisation & planning, and regulation of emotion subscales), General Self-Efficacy, and Parental Sense of Competence scale (including satisfaction, efficacy, and interest subscales) were used to collect data.

Results: There were significant differences (p < .001) between individuals with and without cognitive disabilities in all three subscales of Assessment of Time Management Skills and in General Self-Efficacy. Overall, individuals with a cognitive disability scored lower than persons without cognitive disabilities.

A significant difference was observed between parents in all three subscales of time management skills after controlling for age and education (p < .0005). Parents with cognitive disabilities, compared to parents without cognitive disability, scored significantly lower in all measured scales, except for the interest subscale. In parents with a cognitive disability, there was a significant correlation between all three subscales of Time Management Skills and satisfaction. Among parents without a cognitive disability there was a significant correlation between time management; and organisation & planning subscales; and efficacy, and between General Self-Efficacy and time management.

Conclusions: Poor time management, planning and organisational skills, as well as a deficit in regulation of emotions may have a negative impact on general self-efficacy and parental sense of competence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 6, no 1, article id 1655981
Keywords [en]
time management, cognitive disability, self-efficacy, parental sense of competence
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-394977DOI: 10.1080/23311908.2019.1655981ISI: 000486506500001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-394977DiVA, id: diva2:1360207
Available from: 2019-10-11 Created: 2019-10-11 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved

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Roshanai, AfsanehJaneslätt, Gunnel

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