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Bispecific GRPR-Antagonistic Anti-PSMA/GRPR Heterodimer for PET and SPECT Diagnostic Imaging of Prostate Cancer
Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Chem, S-75123 Uppsala, Sweden.
Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Chem, S-75123 Uppsala, Sweden;Klinikum Rechts Isar TUM, Dept Nucl Med, D-81675 Munich, Germany.
Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Chem, S-75123 Uppsala, Sweden.
Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Chem, S-75123 Uppsala, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: Cancers, ISSN 2072-6694, Vol. 11, no 9, article id 1371Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Simultaneous targeting of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) and gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) could improve the diagnostic accuracy in prostate cancer (PCa). The aim of this study was to develop a PSMA/GRPR-targeting bispecific heterodimer for SPECT and positron emission tomography (PET) diagnostic imaging of PCa. The heterodimer NOTA-DUPA-RM26 was produced by manual solid-phase peptide synthesis. NOTA-DUPA-RM26 was labeled with In-111 and Ga-68, with yields >98%, and demonstrated a high stability and binding specificity to PSMA and GRPR. IC50 values for In-nat-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 were 4 +/- 1 nM towards GRPR and 824 +/- 230 nM towards PSMA. An in vivo binding specificity 1 h pi of In-111-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 in PC3-PIP-xenografted mice demonstrated partially blockable tumor uptake when co-injected with an excess of PSMA- or GRPR-targeting agents. Simultaneous co-injection of both agents induced pronounced blocking. The biodistribution of In-111-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 and Ga-68-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 revealed fast activity clearance from the blood and normal organs via the kidneys. Tumor uptake exceeded normal organ uptake for both analogs 1 h pi. Ga-68-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 had a significantly lower tumor uptake (8 +/- 2%ID/g) compared to In-111-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 (12 +/- 2%ID/g) 1 h pi. Tumor-to-organ ratios increased 3 h pi, but decreased 24 h pi, for In-111-NOTA-DUPA-RM26. MicroPET/CT and microSPECT/CT scans confirmed biodistribution data, suggesting that Ga-68-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 and In-111-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 are suitable candidates for the imaging of GRPR and PSMA expression in PCa shortly after administration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2019. Vol. 11, no 9, article id 1371
Keywords [en]
PSMA, GRPR, heterodimer, molecular imaging, prostate cancer, PET, SPECT
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396628DOI: 10.3390/cancers11091371ISI: 000489719000156PubMedID: 31540122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396628DiVA, id: diva2:1368727
Funder
Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2017/425Swedish Research Council, 2015-02509Available from: 2019-11-08 Created: 2019-11-08 Last updated: 2019-11-08Bibliographically approved

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