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Comparative evaluation of affibody- and antibody fragments-based CAIX imaging probes in mice bearing renal cell carcinoma xenografts
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7224-6304
Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Radiat Oncol, Med Ctr, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4778-3909
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7921-3268
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2019 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, article id 14907Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) is a cancer-associated molecular target for several classes of therapeutics. CAIX is overexpressed in a large fraction of renal cell carcinomas (RCC). Radionuclide molecular imaging of CAIX-expression might offer a non-invasive methodology for stratification of patients with disseminated RCC for CAIX-targeting therapeutics. Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies and their fragments are actively investigated for imaging of CAIX expression. Promising alternatives are small non-immunoglobulin scaffold proteins, such as affibody molecules. A CAIX-targeting affibody ZCAIX:2 was re-designed with the aim to decrease off-target interactions and increase imaging contrast. The new tracer, DOTA-HE3-ZCAIX:2, was labeled with In-111 and characterized in vitro. Tumor-targeting properties of [In-111]In-DOTA-HE3-ZCAIX:2 were compared head-to-head with properties of the parental variant, [(99)mTc]Tc(CO)(3)-HE3-ZCAIX:2, and the most promising antibody fragment-based tracer, [In-111]In-DTPA-G250(Fab')(2), in the same batch of nude mice bearing CAIX-expressing RCC xenografts. Compared to the (99)mTc-labeled parental variant, [In-111]In-DOTA-HE3-ZCAIX:2 provides significantly higher tumor-to-lung, tumor-to-bone and tumor-to-liver ratios, which is essential for imaging of CAIX expression in the major metastatic sites of RCC. [In-111]In-DOTA-HE3-ZCAIX:2 offers significantly higher tumor-to-organ ratios compared with [In-111]In-G250(Fab']2. In conclusion, [In-111]In-DOTA-HE3-ZCAIX:2 can be considered as a highly promising tracer for imaging of CAIX expression in RCC metastases based on our results and literature data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2019. Vol. 9, article id 14907
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396709DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-51445-wISI: 000490702200022PubMedID: 31624303OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396709DiVA, id: diva2:1368854
Funder
Swedish Cancer Society, CAN 2018/436Swedish Cancer Society, 2017/425Swedish Research Council, 2015-02353Swedish Research Council, 2015-02509Available from: 2019-11-08 Created: 2019-11-08 Last updated: 2019-11-08Bibliographically approved

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Garousi, JavadVorobyeva, AnzhelikaMitran, BogdanFrejd, Fredrik Y.Orlova, AnnaTolmachev, Vladimir

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