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Effekten av preoperativ kolhydratrik dryck på postoperativt välbefinnande: En litteraturöversikt
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Illamående, kräkningar, smärta, muntorrhet, törst och hunger är vanliga postoperativa komplikationer som patienter upplever obehagliga och påfrestande vilket leder till lidande och försämrat välbefinnande. Preoperativ fasta är rutin i många verksamheter trots att forskning visar att det inte är nödvändigt. I riktlinjer för nutrition i samband med kirurgi beskrivs att preoperativ kolhydratrik dryck kan användas för att minska katabolism och insulinresistens postoperativt.

Syfte: Att beskriva om, och i så fall i vilken utsträckning, preoperativ kolhydratrik dryck kan förbättra välbefinnandet postoperativt hos vuxna efter elektiv kirurgi.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt med deskriptiv design som presenterar 13 randomiserade kontrollerade studier. 

Resultat: Effekten av interventionen vid postoperativt illamående och kräkningar kunde inte helt klargöras. Muntorrhet, törst och hunger visade sig minska signifikant i flertalet studier bland patienter som intagit en kolhydratrik dryck preoperativt. Inget tydligt resultat kunde påvisas vid smärta eller övriga utfall för välbefinnande som översikten undersökt. 

Slutsats: Preoperativ kolhydratrik dryck kan bidra till bättre välbefinnande postoperativt gällande muntorrhet, törst och hunger hos kirurgiska patienter. Däremot kan interventionens effekt på postoperativt illamående, kräkningar och smärta inte helt klargöras då endast en tredjedel av inkluderade studier visar på signifikant minskning i interventionsgruppen. Sammantaget kan det konstateras att preoperativ kolhydratrik dryck bör administreras inför kirurgi då det till viss del kan öka välbefinnandet och minska lidandet postoperativt. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Nausea, vomiting, pain, mouth dryness, and hunger are common postoperative complications that patients experience as unpleasant and testing. These variables are connected to suffering and decreased wellbeing. Standardised fasting routine is commonly used in a large number of areas despite the fact that research has proven this to be an unnecessary practice. Nutritional guidelines in surgery describe that preoperative oral carbohydrate drinks can be used to decrease catabolism and insulin resistance postoperatively. Aim: The purpose of this study aims to investigate whether, and to what extent, preoperative oral carbohydrate drinks can improve postoperative well-being in adults undergoing elective surgery. Method: A descriptive literature review of thirteen randomised control trials. Results: The influence of intervention in postoperative nausea and vomiting could not be determined. The symptoms of mouth dryness, thirst, and hunger were significantly lower in several studies among patients who received preoperative oral carbohydrate drinks. Examination of pain and other potential variables of well-being showed no conclusive results. Conclusion: Preoperative carbohydrate drinks can improve postoperative well-being significantly, particularly in mouth dryness, thirst, and hunger for surgical patients. The influence of intervention on postoperative nausea, vomiting and pain could not be determined since only one-third of the included studies presented a significant decrease in the aforementioned variables. Therefore, preoperative carbohydrate drinks should be administered preoperatively as a procedure in order to increase well-being and reduce suffering postoperatively to some extent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
carbohydrate, well-being, preoperative care
Keywords [sv]
kolhydrat, välbefinnande, preoperativ vård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397739OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397739DiVA, id: diva2:1372627
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-25 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved

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