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Fysisk aktivitetsnivå och dess korrelation med upplevd livskvalitet hos äldre personer på särskilda boenden i Sverige - en observationsstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Åsenlöf: Physiotheraphy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Åsenlöf: Physiotheraphy.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Physical activity and its correlation with perceived quality of life in older adults living in nursing homes in Sweden – an observational study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fysisk inaktivitet och stillasittande beteende är ett stort problem i dagens samhälle, inte minst för äldre på särskilt boende. Att vara fysiskt aktiv har många positiva effekter medan fysisk inaktivitet och stillasittande har många negativa konsekvenser, så som ökad risk för sjukdom och låg livskvalitet.  Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva aktivitetsnivå hos äldre på särskilt boende i Sverige, samt att beskriva antal steg per dag äldre tog på särskilt boende i Sverige. Syftet var även att undersöka korrelation mellan självskattad livskvalitet och aktivitetsnivå inom samma population.  Metod: Totalt 33 deltagare inkluderades i studien, varav data från 16 analyserades och presenterades. Tio deltagare var kvinnor och medelåldern för deltagarna var 86 (SD ±11) år. Accelerometer GT3X användes för att samla in data gällande aktivitetsnivå och antal steg per dag. Data för livskvalitet samlades in med självskattningsformuläret EuroQol-5-Dimension Scale (EQ-5D) Index respektive VAS, och korrelationen till aktivitetsnivå beräknades med hjälp av Spearmans rangkorrelation.  Resultatsammanfattning: Medelvärdet för aktivitetsnivån var 126 (SD ±61) minuter per dag. Totalt 124 minuter av dessa spenderades i låg intensitet, 2 minuter i måttlig och 0 minuter i hög intensitet. Medelvärdet för antal steg var 3391 (SD ±2241) steg per dag. Korrelationen mellan aktivitetsnivå och EQ-5D-index var för samtliga deltagare 0,30, och korrelationen mellan aktivitetsnivå och EQ-5D-VAS var för samtliga deltagare 0,46.  Konklusion: Aktivitetsnivån för äldre på särskilt boende är låg. Vidare forskning behövs på en större population för att säkerställa resultatet och öka generaliserbarheten. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour is a big problem in todays’ society, especially for elderly living in nursing homes. There are a lot of positive benefits to be gained from being physically active, while a lot of negative consequences can be aquired from being physically inactive and sedentary, for example an increased risk of disease and a low degree of quality of life.  Aim:  The aim of this study was to describe the level of activity in older adults living in nursing homes in Sweden, and to describe the amount of steps older adults living in nursing homes in Sweden take per day. The aim was also to examine the correlation between physical activity and quality of life within the same population.  Method: A total of 33 participants were included in this study, of which data from 16 were analyzed and presented. Ten participants were women, and the average age of participants were 86 (SD ±11) years. Accelerometer GT3X was used to gather data regarding level of physical activity and number of steps taken per day. Data regarding quality of life was gathered using the self assessment questionnaire Euro-Qol-5-Dimension Scale (EQ-5D) Index and VAS respectively. Correlation between level of physical activity and quality of life was calculated using Spearman rank correlation.  Results: Average amount of physical activity were 126 (SD ±61) minutes per day. Of these, 124 minutes were spent in low intensity, 2 minutes in moderate and 0 minutes in vigorous intensity. Average amount of steps per day was 3391 (SD ±2241). The correlation between levels of physical activity and quality of life was 0,30 for EQ-5D-index and 0,46 for EQ-5DVAS.  Conclusion: The levels of physical activity was low for older adults living in nursing homes. Further research on a bigger population is needed to ensure this result is valid and to increase the generalizability. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
levels of physical activity, nursing homes, elderly, health-related quality of life, inactivity, sedentary behaviour
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-402447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-402447DiVA, id: diva2:1385788
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Available from: 2020-01-15 Created: 2020-01-15 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved

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