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Ekonomi är att välja: En studie av individers villighet att offra nytta för att maximera antalet framtida valalternativ
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Vi har undersökt om individer är villiga att offra nytta för att inte få färre framtida valalternativ, samt om deras beteende systematiskt skiljer sig åt med avseende på kön och utbildning. Detta kopplas till teorier om förlustaversion och flexibilitetspreferenser. För att utreda detta utvecklades ett spel inspirerat av Shin och Ariely (2004). I spelet var antalet valalternativ först konstant oavsett spelarnas beteende och sedan avtagande om spelarna inte offrade poäng för att behålla dem. Spelet undersöker också skillnader i beteende beroende på utbildning och kön. Det visade sig att våra deltagare, till skillnad från deltagarna i Shin och Ariely (2004), inte verkar påverkas av om antalet valalternativ hålls konstant eller inte. Dessutom spelade deltagarna i vår studie effektivare och utvecklade mer rationella taktiker ju mer de fick öva. Kvinnor förbättrades mer än män och universitetsstudenter förbättrades mer än gymnasieelever.

Abstract [en]

We have studied whether individuals are willing to sacrifice utility to avoid losing future options and if this depend on gender and individual level of education. This is linked to theories of loss aversion and flexibility preferences. To examine this a game inspired by Shin and Ariely (2004) was developed. In the game number of options was constant at first, regardless of the players behaviour, and later diminished if the participators did not sacrifice points to keep them. The game also analyses differences in behaviour attributed to level of education or gender. The study showed that, contrary to the results in Shin and Ariely (2004), our participants were not affected by the diminishing number of options. Moreover, our participants played more efficiently and formed more rational tactics the more they practised. Women and university students improved more than men and high school students. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
Rationality, cognitive ability, loss aversion, behavioural economics, flexibility preferences, game, choice
Keywords [sv]
Rationalitet, kognitiv förmåga, förlustaversion, beteendeekonomi, preferenser för flexibilitet, spel, val
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-404147OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-404147DiVA, id: diva2:1392935
Subject / course
Economics
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Business and Economics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-14 Created: 2020-02-13 Last updated: 2020-02-14Bibliographically approved

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