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Restricted Ion Transport by Plasticizing Side Chains in Polycarbonate-Based Solid Electrolytes
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
Univ Fed Fluminense, Inst Quim, Dept Fis Quim, BR-24020150 Niteroi, RJ, Brazil.
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2020 (English)In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 764-774Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing the ionic conductivity has for decades been an overriding goal in the development of solid polymer electrolytes. According to fundamental theories on ion transport mechanisms in polymers, the ionic conductivity is strongly correlated to free volume and segmental mobility of the polymer for the conventional transport processes. Therefore, incorporating plasticizing side chains onto the main chain of the polymer host often appears as a clear-cut strategy to improve the ionic conductivity of the system through lowering of the glass transition temperature (T-g) This intended correlation between Tg and ionic conductivity is, however, not consistently observed in practice. The aim of this study is therefore to elucidate this interplay between segmental mobility and polymer structure in polymer electrolyte systems comprising plasticizing side chains. To this end, we utilize the synthetic versatility of the ion-conductive poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC) platform. Two types of host polymers with side chains added to a PTMC backbone are employed, and the resulting electrolytes are investigated together with the side chain-free analogue both by experiment and with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The results show that while added side chains do indeed lead to a lower Tg, the total ionic conductivity is highest in the host matrix without side chains. It was seen in the MD simulations that while side chains promote ionic mobility associated with the polymer chain, the more efficient interchain hopping transport mechanism occurs with a higher probability in the system without side chains. This is connected to a significantly higher solvation site diversity for the Li+ ions in the side-chain-free system, providing better conduction paths. These results strongly indicate that the side chains in fact restrict the mobility of the Li+ ions in the polymer hosts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC , 2020. Vol. 53, no 3, p. 764-774
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Polymer Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-407499DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.9b01912ISI: 000513299100003PubMedID: 32089567OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-407499DiVA, id: diva2:1417142
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 39036-1StandUpEU, European Research Council, 771777Available from: 2020-03-26 Created: 2020-03-26 Last updated: 2020-03-26Bibliographically approved

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Ebadi, MahsaEriksson, ThereseMandal, PrithwirajAraujo, Carlos MoysesMindemark, JonasBrandell, Daniel

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3637383940414239 of 459
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