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Drug-Eluting Polyacrylate Microgels: Loading and Release of Amitriptyline
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0895-1180
2020 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 124, no 11, p. 2289-2304Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated the loading of an amphiphilic drug, amitriptyline hydrochloride (AMT), onto sodium polyacrylate hydrogels at low ionic strength and its release at high ionic strength. The purpose was to show how the self-assembling properties of the drug and the swelling of the gel network influenced the loading/release mechanisms and kinetics, important for the development of improved controlled-release systems for parenteral administration of amphiphilic drugs. Equilibrium studies showed that single microgels (similar to 100 mu m) in a large solution volume underwent a discrete transition between swollen and dense states at a critical drug concentration in the solution. For single macrogels in a small solution volume, the transition progressed gradually with increasing amount of added drug, with swollen and dense phases coexisting in the same gel; in a suspension of microgels, swollen and collapsed particles coexisted. Time-resolved micropipette-assisted microscopy studies showed that drug self-assemblies accumulated in a dense shell enclosing the swollen core during loading and that a dense core was surrounded by a swollen shell during release. The time evolution of the radius of single microgels was determined as functions of liquid flow rate, network size, and AMT concentration in the solution. Mass transport of AMT in the surrounding liquid, and in the dense shell, influenced the deswelling rate during loading. Mass transport in the swollen shell controlled the swelling rate during release. A steady-state kinetic model taking into account drug self-assembly, core-shell phase separation, and microgel volume changes was developed and found to be in semiquantitative agreement with the experimental loading and release data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC , 2020. Vol. 124, no 11, p. 2289-2304
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-410897DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c00030ISI: 000526862000026PubMedID: 32105083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-410897DiVA, id: diva2:1431796
Funder
Vinnova, Dnr 2017-02690Available from: 2020-05-25 Created: 2020-05-25 Last updated: 2022-04-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Microgels as drug delivery vehicles: loading and release of amphiphilic drugs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microgels as drug delivery vehicles: loading and release of amphiphilic drugs
2022 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Polyelectrolyte microgels are used as delivery vehicles for amphiphilic drugs in, e.g., treatments of liver cancer by a method called trans-arterial chemoembolization. The thesis deals with fundamental properties of such delivery systems related to the self-assembling properties of the drug molecules and their interaction with the charged polymer network of the microgel. The main objective was to establish mechanistic models describing the loading and release of drugs under relevant conditions. For that purpose experimental techniques providing thermodynamic, compositional and microstructural information were used to elucidate how the kinetics depend on the stability of the drug self-assemblies and the volume response of the microgels. Micromanipulator-assisted microscopy studies showed that negatively charged microgels phase separated during loading and release of cationic amphiphilic drugs. At intermediate loading levels the drug aggregates and part of the network formed a collapsed phase coexisting with a swollen, drug-lean phase. In particular, during release in a medium of physiological ionic strength, the drug-lean phase formed a depletion layer (shell) surrounding a drug-rich core. Investigations of a series of drugs with different molecular architectures showed that the drug release rate was determined mainly by the stability of the drug aggregates in the core and the diffusive mass transport of drug molecules through the shell. Detailed studies of polyacrylate microgels interacting with amitriptyline hydrochloride showed that swelling of the shell network greatly influenced the release rate. Furthermore, experiments with a specially constructed microscopy cell was used to establish that the collapsed and swollen phases could coexist in equilibrium, and that the swelling of the network in the swollen phase depended on the proportion between them when present in the same microgel. The latter effect was related to the elastic coupling between the phases. Confocal Raman microscopy was employed to demonstrate, for the first time, the related elastic effect, that the concentration of amitriptyline in the swollen phase decreased with increasing proportion of the collapsed phase. Small-angle X-ray scattering showed that the collapsed phase had a disordered microstructure of drug micelles with ellipsoidal shape. The aggregation number increased with increasing concentration of drug in the microgel, most likely by incorporating the uncharged base form. By providing detailed information about thermodynamic properties and microstructures, the results of the thesis provide a basis for rational design of microgel drug delivery systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2022. p. 61
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 312
Keywords
microgel, amphiphilic drug, phase separation, micropipette, Raman microscopy, controlled release, drug delivery, SAXS
National Category
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Research subject
Pharmaceutical Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-472818 (URN)978-91-513-1502-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2022-06-14, Room A1:111a, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2022-05-17 Created: 2022-04-18 Last updated: 2022-06-15

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Al-Tikriti, YassirHansson, Per

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