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Sustaining peace through better resource governance: Three potential mechanisms for environmental peacebuilding
2021 (English)In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 144, article id 105508Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For international and domestic actors, post-conflict peacebuilding is one of the most difficult policy arenas to understand and in which to operate. Environmental and natural resource governance have the potential to facilitate peacebuilding in such contexts, but existing research has not yet produced a cohesive theoretical understanding of the pathways by which natural resource management strategies can facilitate positive peace. This paper explores the wider benefits of natural resource management and discusses their potential for reducing political fragility in affected states and helping to build positive peace. The paper outlines three mechanisms through which improved natural resource governance in post-conflict contexts is theorized to have positive effects on peace: (a) the contact hypothesis, whereby the facilitation of intergroup cooperation reduces bias and prejudice; (b) the diffusion of transnational norms, where the introduction of environmental and other good governance norms supports human empowerment and strengthens civil society; and (c) state service provision, where the provision of access to public services addresses the instrumental needs of communities, thereby strengthening their belief in the state. Guided by an interest in the opportunities presented by natural resource management to support peacebuilding processes in post-conflict states, the paper seeks to revise and advance the current environmental peacebuilding research agenda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 144, article id 105508
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Social Sciences Political Science
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-442078DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2021.105508ISI: 000653755700019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-442078DiVA, id: diva2:1553329
Available from: 2021-05-07 Created: 2021-05-07 Last updated: 2022-07-25Bibliographically approved

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Krampe, Florian

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