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Security implications of climate development in conflict-affected states: Implications of local-level effects of rural hydropower development on farmers in Herat
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2208-794X
2021 (English)In: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 90, article id 102454Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Development initiatives aimed at mitigating or adapting to climate change impacts may result in unanticipated effects especially in conflict-affected contexts. To improved understanding of the implications of future climate development projects in conflict-affected states, this article qualitatively examines the experiences of local communities in the Zinda Jan district, located downstream from the Salma Dam in Herat Province, Afghanistan. Conducted in 2018, the research questions what local-level side effects (LLSEs) were experienced by communities downstream of the Salma Dam after its 2016 inauguration, and how these LLSEs might affect the potential for sustainable peace. The article builds from 25 in-depth interviews with local stakeholders in the Zinda Jan district, and highlights how communities generally experienced increased water scarcity after the completion of the dam in 2016, due to poor water management and lack of necessary infrastructure related to the dam. This water scarcity was a factor in grievances related to water access among local communities, and increased the likelihood of related communal violence. However, local perspectives also indicate desire for joint management of water resources between the state and civilians, from the source to their farms. The article provides important insight for research and policy actors to better understand the implications of future climate development projects in conflict-affected states, and their inherent contribution and/or risk to broader peace processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 90, article id 102454
Keywords [en]
climate adaptation, peacebuilding, hydropower, Afghanistan
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Political Science Climate Research
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-448570DOI: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2021.102454OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-448570DiVA, id: diva2:1578660
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental ResearchAvailable from: 2021-07-06 Created: 2021-07-06 Last updated: 2021-07-07Bibliographically approved

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Krampe, Florian

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