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Meals and Food in Older Women: Health Perceptions, Eating Habits, and Food Management
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim was to describe and explore the food-related work and eating habits of older community-dwelling women, with Parkinson’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke or without these diseases. The major focus is on health perceptions, eating habits and meal support. A theoretical framework based on cultural and health theories was adopted. A total of 91 women between 64 and 88 years were visited in their homes, a food survey was performed consisting of a 24h recall and an estimated three-day food diary was introduced. Seventy-two of the women also took part in qualitative interviews with an ethnographic approach. Approximately one week later, another 24h recall was carried out at a second visit, or for the non-disabled women by telephone. The analyses revealed that many women were influenced by the prevailing health message and tried to eat a healthy diet. It was also important to them to enjoy their preferred foods, but this gave some women a bad conscience, while others perceived their usual foods as wholesome to eat. Health promotion for older women needs to incorporate the women’s own cultural context, their perceptions of food-related health, and their wish to adhere to their usual habits. Women with disease, frailty and who had become alone reported simplified food-related work and poor eating habits. However, management of these duties was highly valued, and women strove to cook by themselves as long as possible when disability became a threat. This resulted in a trend towards less nourishing cooked meals for women with disabilities. Thus, many women with these diseases living at home need support with their meals. This has to be planned in collaboration with the woman and build on her cultural values. The help must be performed with respect for the woman’s sense of order, be given sufficient time, and acknowledge her self-determination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2002. , p. 77
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 0282-7476 ; 1188
Keywords [en]
Medical sciences, rheumatoid arthritis, Older women, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, health perceptions, food habits, food-related work, food counselling
Keywords [sv]
MEDICIN OCH VÅRD
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-2638ISBN: 91-554-5416-X (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-2638DiVA, id: diva2:161985
Public defence
2002-10-25, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Aulan, Döbelnsgatan 2, Uppsala, 13:15
Opponent
Available from: 2002-10-03 Created: 2002-10-03Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Food-related health perceptions and food habits among older women
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Food-related health perceptions and food habits among older women
2002 In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 164-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89988 (URN)
Available from: 2002-10-03 Created: 2002-10-03Bibliographically approved
2. Five-day food intake in elderly female outpatients with Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Five-day food intake in elderly female outpatients with Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke
Show others...
2004 (English)In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 414-421Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM:

The aim of this study was to describe and analyse the intake of food, energy and selected nutrients in elderly outpatients, i.e. women with Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Sixty-three elderly women aged 64-88 years participated in the study. For assessing dietary intake, a repeated 24-h recall and an estimated food diary for three consecutive days were used.

RESULTS:

The mean age was 73.4 +/- 6.6 years. Mean reported daily energy intake was 6.4 +/- 1.7 MJ, i.e. lower than reference figures for all groups. However, looking at nutrient density, only intakes of vitamin E and folate were below recommended levels. The most frequently consumed food groups were bread, coffee, milk products, buns and cookies, and spreads.

CONCLUSION:

The reported energy intake among the elderly female outpatients was low. This might be explained by actual low intake and/or under-reporting. However, the intake of most vitamins and minerals, i.e. nutrient density, was adequate, with the exception of vitamin E and folate intake, which was below recommended levels. Food intake showed large variation and good diet composition, and there was a tendency towards high consumption of food items that are easily prepared and eaten.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89989 (URN)15359362 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2002-10-03 Created: 2002-10-03 Last updated: 2018-09-10
3. Older women’s perceptions of independence vs. dependence in food-related work. Public Health Nursing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older women’s perceptions of independence vs. dependence in food-related work. Public Health Nursing
Show others...
2002 Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89990 (URN)
Available from: 2002-10-03 Created: 2002-10-03Bibliographically approved
4. Associations between perceived cooking ability, dietary intake and meal patterns among older women
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations between perceived cooking ability, dietary intake and meal patterns among older women
2002 In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 31-39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89991 (URN)
Available from: 2002-10-03 Created: 2002-10-03Bibliographically approved
5. . Older women’s perceptions of food in relation to health and disease, and of dietary advice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>. Older women’s perceptions of food in relation to health and disease, and of dietary advice
Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89992 (URN)
Available from: 2002-10-03 Created: 2002-10-03Bibliographically approved

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