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Harmonization after the GDPR? Divergences in the rules for genetic and health data sharing in four member states and ways to overcome them by EU measures: insights from Germany, Greece, Latvia and Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5621-8485
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2022 (English)In: Seminars in Cancer Biology, ISSN 1044-579X, E-ISSN 1096-3650, Vol. 84, p. 271-283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The EU member states’ healthcare and health-related research sectors are both characterized by an emerging infrastructural coalescence on a national and European level. The culmination of this coalescence is the planned creation of a European Health Data Space, an EU-wide infrastructure for the processing of personal data for healthcare and for secondary uses such as scientific research. In contrast to growing technical interoperability, the legal framework for such integration is not yet defined in detail, particularly with regard to data protection law. Its development is accompanied by discussions about divergent member state implementations of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that affect data sharing between healthcare and scientific research actors and across various sectors driven by divergent processing purposes.

The article presents four member states’ main rules on data sharing based on the respective provision of the GDPR in six health-related contexts regarding data sharing across the healthcare and research sector and between the main actors of those sectors. The striking differences are then evaluated from the perspective of their factual effect on European data sharing depending on the legal characteristics of the GDPR provisions they rely on. Against this backdrop, the planned regulatory measures for the setup of the European Health Data Space are introduced and evaluated with regard to further harmonization between member states’ laws and possibilities to overcome divergences in data protection rules relevant for European data sharing.

The results of the analysis point to the conclusion that the destructive effect of divergent member state rules depends on the legal qualification of the EU provisions they rely on and that this qualification also determines which further EU regulatory measure would be the most effective to set the framework for the European Health Data Space.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV Elsevier, 2022. Vol. 84, p. 271-283
Keywords [en]
GDPR, data sharing, scientific research, health care
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Research subject
Medical Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-462004DOI: 10.1016/j.semcancer.2021.12.001ISI: 000830066100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-462004DiVA, id: diva2:1621377
Available from: 2021-12-17 Created: 2021-12-17 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Slokenberga, Santa

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