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Treatment of panic disorder via the Internet: a randomized trial of CBT vs. applied relaxation
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, ISSN 0005-7916, E-ISSN 1873-7943, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 129-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A randomized trial was conducted of two different self-help programs for panic disorder (PD) on the Internet. After confirming the PD-diagnosis with an in-person structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID) interview 22 participants were randomized to either applied relaxation (AR) or a multimodal treatment package based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Overall, the results suggest that Internet-administered self-help plus minimal therapist contact via e-mail has a significant medium to large effect (Cohen's d=0.71 for AR and d=0.42 for CBT). The results from this study generally provide evidence to support the continued use and development of Internet-distributed self-help programs.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2003. Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 129-140
Nyckelord [en]
Internet, Panic disorder, Self-help-techniques, Bibliotherapy
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-91570DOI: 10.1016/S0005-7916(03)00026-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-91570DiVA, id: diva2:164345
Tillgänglig från: 2004-04-13 Skapad: 2004-04-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Panic! Its Prevalence, Diagnosis and Treatment via the Internet
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Panic! Its Prevalence, Diagnosis and Treatment via the Internet
2004 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

As evidenced by several trials, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a highly effective treatment for Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (PD). However, therapists are short in supply, and patients with agoraphobia may not seek therapy due to fear of leaving their homes or traveling certain distances. A major challenge therefore is to increase the accessibility and affordability of evidence-based psychological treatments.

This thesis is based on five studies; three treatment studies set up as randomized controlled trails (RCT), one prevalence study, and one study testing the equivalence of an Internet-administered diagnostic assessment tool with a clinician-administered interview.

Study I showed that the Swedish 12-month PD prevalence is consistent with findings in most other parts of the Western world (2.2%; CI 95% 1.0%-3.4%). There was a significant sex difference, with a greater prevalence for women (3.6%) compared to men (0.7%).

Study II showed that the validity of the computerized diagnostic interview (CIDI-SF) was generally low. However, the agoraphobia and obsessive-compulsive disorder modules had good specificity and sensitivity, respectively.

The three RCTs showed, directly or indirectly, that Internet-based self-help is superior to a waiting-list. When 10 individual weekly sessions of CBT for PD was compared with a 10-module self-help program on the Internet, the results suggest that Internet-administered self-help, plus minimal therapist contact via e-mail, is as effective as traditional individual CBT (80% vs. 67% no longer met criteria for panic disorder; composite within-group effect size was Cohen’s d= 0.78 vs. 0.99). One-year follow-up confirmed the results (92% vs. 88% no longer met criteria for panic disorder; d= 0.80 vs. 0.93). The results generally provide evidence to support the continued use and development of Internet-distributed self-help programs.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2004. s. 75
Serie
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 136
Nyckelord
Psychology, panic disorder, self-help techniques, agoraphobia, bibliotherapy, internet, randomized controlled trail, prevalence, screening, Psykologi
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-4148 (URN)91-554-5927-7 (ISBN)
Disputation
2004-05-19, Sal X, Universitetshuset, St Olofsgatan, Uppsala, 10:15
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2004-04-13 Skapad: 2004-04-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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